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Germany: States and Major Cities

Federal Republic of Germany

Federal States (Bundesländer)

The population of the German states according to census results and latest official estimates.

NameAbbr.StatusCapitalArea
A (km²)
Population
Census (C)
1987-05-25
Population
Estimate (E)
1995-12-31
Population
Estimate (E)
2001-12-31
Population
Census (C)
2011-05-09
Population
Estimate (E)
2020-12-31
 
GermanyDEUFed RepBerlin357,58777,718,00081,817,49982,440,30980,219,69583,155,031
Baden-WürttembergBWBLStuttgart35,7489,286,38710,319,36710,600,90610,486,66011,103,0433574800
Bayern [Bavaria]BYBLMünchen70,54110,902,64311,993,48412,329,71412,397,61413,140,1837054100
BerlinBEBLBerlin8913,260,0003,471,4183,388,4343,292,3653,664,08889100
BrandenburgBBBLPotsdam29,6542,665,0002,542,0422,593,0402,455,7802,531,0712965400
BremenHBBLBremen420660,084679,757659,651650,863680,13042000
HamburgHHBLHamburg7551,592,7701,707,9011,726,3631,706,6961,852,47875500
Hessen [Hesse]HEBLWiesbaden21,1165,507,7776,009,9136,077,8265,971,8166,293,1542111600
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania]MVBLSchwerin23,2941,971,0001,823,0841,759,8771,609,9821,610,7742329400
Niedersachsen [Lower Saxony]NIBLHannover47,7107,162,1037,780,4227,956,4167,777,9928,003,4214771000
Nordrhein-Westfalen [North Rhine-Westphalia]NWBLDüsseldorf34,11216,711,84517,893,04518,052,09217,538,25117,925,5703411200
Rheinland-Pfalz [Rhineland-Palatinate]RPBLMainz19,8583,630,8233,977,9194,049,0663,989,8084,098,3911985800
SaarlandSLBLSaarbrücken2,5711,055,6601,084,3701,066,470999,623983,991257100
Sachsen [Saxony]SNBLDresden18,4505,032,0004,566,6034,384,1924,056,7994,056,9411845000
Sachsen-Anhalt [Saxony-Anhalt]STBLMagdeburg20,4593,008,0002,738,9282,580,6262,287,0402,180,6842045900
Schleswig-HolsteinSHBLKiel15,8042,554,2412,725,4612,804,2492,800,1192,910,8751580400
Thüringen [Thuringia]THBLErfurt16,2022,718,0002,503,7852,411,3872,188,5892,120,2371620200

Major Cities

 NameAdm.Population
Estimate (E)
2020-12-31
1BerlinBE3,664,088
2HamburgHH1,852,478
3MünchenBY1,488,202
4KölnNW1,083,498
5Frankfurt am MainHE764,104
6StuttgartBW630,305
7DüsseldorfNW620,523
8LeipzigSN597,493
9DortmundNW587,696
10EssenNW582,415
11BremenHB566,573
12DresdenSN556,227

Contents: Cities

The population of all cities in Germany with more than 50,000 inhabitants according to census results and latest official estimates.

Cities within the boundaries of 31 December 2020.

NameStatusAdm.Population
Census (C)
1987-05-25
Population
Estimate (E)
1995-12-31
Population
Estimate (E)
2001-12-31
Population
Census (C)
2011-05-09
Population
Estimate (E)
2020-12-31
Area 
Aachen [Aix-la-Chapelle]CityNW229,740247,923245,778236,420248,87816085
AalenCityBW62,63366,23466,55966,31868,36114658
AhlenCityNW52,65755,78555,48152,28052,63512313
ArnsbergCityNW74,09178,97277,39674,38373,48719372
AschaffenburgCityCRBY60,96466,36068,36167,35970,8586245
AugsburgCityCRBY242,819259,699257,836267,767295,83014685
Baden-BadenCityCRBW50,12752,74553,08452,31455,44914019
Bad Homburg vor der HöheCityHE50,32951,17852,85851,37054,0925114
Bad KreuznachCityRP38,94242,91843,26543,24451,3105556
Bad SalzuflenCityNW50,58855,02955,08852,28554,16610005
BambergCityCRBY69,10069,65269,39670,63576,6745462
BayreuthCityCRBY69,81373,01674,51970,80874,0486689
BergheimCityNW54,54560,61063,59158,92261,7499634
Bergisch GladbachCityNW100,589105,478105,569108,878111,6368309
BerlinCityCRBE3,260,0003,471,4183,388,4343,292,3653,664,08889112
BielefeldCityCRNW305,566324,066323,373326,870333,50925883
BöblingenCityBW42,58946,51645,94044,85950,1213904
BocholtCityNW67,02870,42472,70171,25671,06111940
BochumCityCRNW386,271400,395390,087362,286364,45414566
BonnCityCRNW276,653291,431306,016305,765330,57914106
BottropCityCRNW114,640120,642120,780117,311117,38810062
Brandenburg an der HavelCityCRBB...86,75377,24571,56972,04022972
Braunschweig [Brunswick]CityCRNI252,351252,544245,516242,537248,56119270
BremenCityCRHB533,455549,357540,950542,707566,57331821
BremerhavenCityCRHB126,629130,400118,701108,156113,55710141
Castrop-RauxelCityNW77,08179,16078,47174,62973,1265168
CelleCityNI71,22273,93671,94969,00169,39917602
ChemnitzCityCRSN335,983288,268255,798240,253244,40122103
Cottbus (Chóśebuz)CityCRBB...126,343111,12599,98498,69316562
DarmstadtCityCRHE134,272138,980138,457143,499159,17412207
DelmenhorstCityCRNI72,07278,22676,28473,32277,5036245
Dessau-RoßlauCityCRST...107,69897,62786,03079,35424479
DetmoldCityNW65,50273,34373,77173,74374,09712939
DinslakenCityNW62,45869,14871,00567,85367,3384766
DormagenCityNW54,79061,15563,29562,20864,5008550
DorstenCityNW73,74480,73581,29376,86074,51517120
DortmundCityCRNW584,089598,840589,240571,143587,69628071
DresdenCityCRSN542,252495,424478,631512,354556,22732848
DuisburgCityCRNW525,378535,250512,030488,468495,88523280
DürenCityNW82,85790,27492,29288,78991,2728500
Düsseldorf [Dusseldorf]CityCRNW563,531571,030570,765586,291620,52321741
ErftstadtCityNW43,93948,71750,99849,23050,06011989
ErfurtCityCRTH...211,108200,126200,868213,69226991
ErlangenCityCRBY99,808101,406101,912103,719112,3857696
EschweilerCityNW53,05856,17155,25754,67156,1727575
EssenCityCRNW623,427614,861591,889566,201582,41521034
Esslingen am NeckarCityBW90,55790,02990,90586,88592,7224643
EuskirchenCityNW47,05052,20554,04755,41458,46613949
FlensburgCityCRSH86,55487,27684,48082,25889,9345673
Frankfurt (Oder)CityCRBB86,44180,80770,30859,14057,01514785
Frankfurt am MainCityCRHE618,266650,055641,076667,925764,10424831
FrechenCityNW42,34845,58347,38249,65751,9474506
Freiburg im BreisgauCityCRBW178,672199,273208,294209,628230,94015304
FriedrichshafenCityBW51,80856,31557,53856,93761,2216993
FuldaCityHE54,32260,85162,81964,41467,98010405
FürthCityCRBY97,480108,418111,257115,613128,2236335
GarbsenCityNI58,08162,68163,27159,49961,0217949
GelsenkirchenCityCRNW287,508291,164276,740258,766259,10510494
GeraCityCRTH...123,555109,92696,06792,12615218
GießenCityHE69,82473,88973,29574,77690,1317261
GladbeckCityNW78,34379,60577,46073,97475,5183597
GöppingenCityBW52,15158,08657,53655,03757,9745921
GörlitzCitySN83,21567,98060,26454,44155,7846752
GoslarCityNI57,31157,62955,64651,26150,18416388
GöttingenCityNI114,698126,253123,822115,843116,84511702
GreifswaldCityMV67,29860,77253,53355,44759,2825081
GrevenbroichCityNW58,61163,60465,03961,74163,94110242
GummersbachCityNW48,25053,14953,35549,95150,9789541
GüterslohCityNW81,80492,84295,45994,172100,66411202
HagenCityCRNW209,363212,003202,060187,944188,68716045
Halle (Saale)CityCRST329,625282,784243,045229,153237,86513502
HamburgCityCRHH1,592,7701,707,9011,726,3631,706,6961,852,47875509
HamelnCityNI58,18158,78159,05256,75657,27610253
HammCityCRNW171,170183,408183,805176,037178,96722643
HanauCityHE83,39188,92188,80186,80397,1377647
Hannover [Hanover]CityNI494,864523,147516,415506,416534,04920430
HattingenCityNW55,88058,65058,02354,25354,2787166
HeidelbergCityCRBW127,768138,781141,509146,751158,74110883
HeilbronnCityCRBW110,970121,509120,163116,059126,4589990
HerfordCityNW60,93565,91965,09765,21366,4957915
HerneCityCRNW174,238179,897174,018155,160156,9405142
HertenCityNW67,80669,18366,49561,50561,8603733
HildenCityNW53,26255,08656,61554,39055,2742595
HildesheimCityNI103,449106,101103,71799,554101,0559229
HürthCityNW48,37652,35154,09555,08259,5255122
IbbenbürenCityNW43,24347,42149,48550,56951,52610887
IngolstadtCityCRBY96,071111,979117,311124,927136,95213335
IserlohnCityNW92,18399,34198,86594,63091,81512549
JenaCityCRTH...101,061101,157105,739110,73111477
KaiserslauternCityCRRP97,326102,00299,79496,34099,66213970
KarlsruheCityCRBW260,591275,690279,578289,173308,43617342
KasselCityCRHE187,288201,573194,748190,765201,04810680
Kempten (Allgäu)CityCRBY59,36961,65761,50564,07868,9406328
KerpenCityNW53,60861,99863,65263,27365,80211396
KielCityCRSH237,767246,033232,242235,782246,60111865
KleveCityNW44,10648,34449,03147,43852,3599776
KoblenzCityCRRP108,246109,219107,730107,825113,38810525
Köln [Cologne]CityCRNW928,309965,697967,9401,005,7751,083,49840501
KonstanzCityBW70,37876,00079,24077,79684,4465412
KrefeldCityCRNW232,261249,606239,559222,247226,84413778
LandshutCityCRBY56,44659,21959,51363,54473,0656583
Langenfeld (Rheinland)CityNW50,29756,67658,75756,82959,1124115
LangenhagenCityNI45,96548,92149,50650,82154,6847197
LeipzigCityCRSN600,543519,710493,052502,979597,49329780
LeverkusenCityCRNW154,692162,252160,829158,984163,9057887
Lingen (Ems)CityNI47,48952,27051,36251,82155,23217618
LippstadtCityNW60,10266,63667,23165,88667,79311368
LübeckCityCRSH210,497216,986213,496210,305215,84621419
LüdenscheidCityNW74,63581,83780,50973,76271,9118702
LudwigsburgCityBW78,88486,81087,50286,13993,3584334
Ludwigshafen am RheinCityCRRP156,601167,369162,458157,584172,5577743
LüneburgCityNI59,54364,55868,23469,90575,3017050
LünenCityNW84,66491,59292,00586,01085,8385939
MagdeburgCityCRST288,975258,656229,755228,144235,77520103
MainzCityCRRP172,529183,720185,293200,344217,1239773
MannheimCityCRBW295,191311,292308,385290,117309,72114497
MarburgCityHE68,62476,83477,55671,68376,40112391
MarlCityNW89,06392,96592,62884,78284,3128776
MeerbuschCityNW50,24054,20655,17254,31356,4796440
Menden (Sauerland)CityNW54,05858,42459,18354,49552,4528610
MindenCityNW75,03182,97182,89880,12181,59210112
MoersCityNW100,872107,095107,421104,009103,4876768
MönchengladbachCityCRNW249,587266,702262,963255,188259,66517047
Mülheim an der RuhrCityCRNW176,423176,530172,332166,865170,9219128
München [Munich]CityCRBY1,185,4211,236,3701,227,9581,348,3351,488,20231070
MünsterCityCRNW246,186265,061267,197289,576316,40330328
NeubrandenburgCityMV87,23580,48371,72364,11163,3728612
NeumünsterCityCRSH79,77182,02879,64677,24979,9057166
NeussCityNW142,178148,796150,957150,568153,1099952
Neustadt an der WeinstraßeCityCRRP50,12053,78853,82252,16453,30611709
Neu-UlmCityBY44,43851,05350,70952,70658,8418095
NeuwiedCityRP60,26167,37467,01164,14464,8608650
NorderstedtCitySH65,97669,76672,01673,91379,1555810
NordhornCityNI48,36851,26952,47952,02953,83914987
Nürnberg [Nuremberg]CityCRBY470,943492,425491,307486,314515,54318644
OberhausenCityCRNW220,286224,397221,619210,216209,5667709
Offenbach am MainCityCRHE111,386116,533118,429113,443130,8924488
OffenburgCityBW51,31156,04558,28057,22860,3887837
Oldenburg (Oldenburg)CityCRNI140,149151,382155,908157,267169,60510309
OsnabrückCityCRNI150,807168,618164,195153,699164,22311980
PaderbornCityNW110,715133,717140,869142,365151,86417959
PassauCityCRBY48,51650,88550,66948,64952,4156956
PeineCityNI45,78049,02449,49948,58250,24911984
PforzheimCityCRBW106,530118,763118,002114,411126,0169799
PlauenCitySN82,62873,02171,15564,46864,01410211
PotsdamCityCRBB...144,118141,907156,021182,11218824
PulheimCityNW47,85251,36553,44152,92954,6367215
RastattCityBW39,66046,85746,26446,64850,1655898
RatingenCityNW88,63189,53491,79386,96786,8998874
RavensburgCityBW43,91346,62047,97448,39350,7769205
RecklinghausenCityNW119,991127,216124,587115,958110,7056650
RegensburgCityCRBY118,639125,836127,198135,403152,2708086
RemscheidCityCRNW120,132122,260118,753110,708111,5167452
ReutlingenCityBW98,853108,565111,338109,799116,0318704
RheineCityNW69,34874,58775,92572,74976,12314500
RosenheimCityCRBY53,15558,92059,31059,32963,5913722
RostockCityCRMV249,349227,535198,964200,265209,06118136
Rüsselsheim am MainCityHE58,53060,28759,55158,76565,9725829
SaarbrückenCitySL188,702187,032182,858175,853179,34916752
SalzgitterCityCRNI111,069117,713111,69698,895103,86622449
Sankt AugustinCityNW49,39655,06555,53953,85055,5903422
Schwäbisch GmündCityBW56,75463,73461,87358,10561,21611378
SchweinfurtCityCRBY51,96255,72254,56852,14353,3193570
SchwerinCityCRMV128,328114,68899,97891,29395,60913052
SiegenCityNW106,384111,398108,39799,187101,94311469
SindelfingenCityBW56,86159,43560,87860,53464,5955083
SolingenCityCRNW159,103165,735165,032155,265159,1938954
SpeyerCityCRRP44,03449,66449,95649,54050,7414271
Stolberg (Rhld.)CityNW55,74758,20358,71856,20656,3779848
StralsundCityMV75,85765,97759,97056,72959,2055459
StuttgartCityCRBW551,904585,604587,152585,890630,30520732
TrierCityCRRP94,11899,428100,024105,671110,67411706
TroisdorfCityNW60,07968,77873,28272,40874,9946200
TübingenCityBW71,70181,76982,44482,51191,07710806
UlmCityCRBW103,494115,721118,347116,761126,40511868
UnnaCityNW56,49966,47570,11759,14958,8168856
VelbertCityNW87,36689,78689,82381,30381,5647490
ViersenCityNW76,44577,33877,25974,94177,3769110
Villingen-SchwenningenCityBW75,86180,73481,69180,12385,68616553
WaiblingenCityBW45,60350,33352,53651,55255,5264275
WeimarCityCRTH...62,12263,52262,76465,0988448
WeselCityNW57,50761,60962,15160,33560,32912256
WetzlarCityHE50,21153,92252,65750,82653,1887565
WiesbadenCityCRHE251,871267,122271,076269,121278,60920387
WilhelmshavenCityCRNI90,98290,66784,99477,45175,18910707
WillichCityNW40,30345,93250,85350,70850,2836780
WittenCityNW102,902104,754103,15896,38295,8767240
WolfenbüttelCityNI50,72953,68654,51751,75652,1217873
WolfsburgCityCRNI124,896126,331121,887119,984123,84020461
WormsCityCRRP73,63580,01480,62579,20783,45910873
WuppertalCityCRNW365,662381,884364,784342,661355,00416839
WürzburgCityCRBY123,378127,295129,915124,297126,9548760
ZwickauCitySN130,455111,498101,72693,08187,51610258

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