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Germany: States and Major Cities

Federal Republic of Germany

Federal States

The population of the German states according to census results and latest official estimates.

NameAbbr.StatusCapitalArea
A (km²)
Population
Census (C)
1987-05-25
Population
Estimate (E)
1995-12-31
Population
Estimate (E)
2001-12-31
Population
Census (C)
2011-05-09
Population
Estimate (E)
2018-12-31
 
GermanyDEUFed RepBerlin357,58277,718,00081,817,49982,440,30980,219,69583,019,213
Baden-WürttembergBWFStStuttgart35,6779,286,38710,319,36710,600,90610,486,66011,069,5333567700
Bayern [Bavaria]BYFStMünchen70,55010,902,64311,993,48412,329,71412,397,61413,076,7217055000
BerlinBEFStBerlin8923,260,0003,471,4183,388,4343,292,3653,644,82689200
BrandenburgBBFStPotsdam29,6542,665,0002,542,0422,593,0402,455,7802,511,9172965400
BremenHBFStBremen420660,084679,757659,651650,863682,98642000
HamburgHHFStHamburg7551,592,7701,707,9011,726,3631,706,6961,841,17975500
Hessen [Hesse]HEFStWiesbaden21,1155,507,7776,009,9136,077,8265,971,8166,265,8092111500
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania]MVFStSchwerin23,2131,971,0001,823,0841,759,8771,609,9821,609,6752321300
Niedersachsen [Lower Saxony]NIFStHannover47,6167,162,1037,780,4227,956,4167,777,9927,982,4484761600
Nordrhein-Westfalen [North Rhine-Westphalia]NWFStDüsseldorf34,11316,711,84517,893,04518,052,09217,538,25117,932,6513411300
Rheinland-Pfalz [Rhineland-Palatinate]RPFStMainz19,8543,630,8233,977,9194,049,0663,989,8084,084,8441985400
SaarlandSLFStSaarbrücken2,5691,055,6601,084,3701,066,470999,623990,509256900
Sachsen [Saxony]SNFStDresden18,4495,032,0004,566,6034,384,1924,056,7994,077,9371844900
Sachsen-Anhalt [Saxony-Anhalt]STFStMagdeburg20,4523,008,0002,738,9282,580,6262,287,0402,208,3212045200
Schleswig-HolsteinSHFStKiel15,8032,554,2412,725,4612,804,2492,800,1192,896,7121580300
Thüringen [Thuringia]THFStErfurt16,2022,718,0002,503,7852,411,3872,188,5892,143,1451620200

Major Cities

 NameAdm.Population
Estimate (E)
2018-12-31
1BerlinBE3,644,826
2HamburgHH1,841,179
3MünchenBY1,471,508
4KölnNW1,085,664
5Frankfurt am MainHE753,056
6StuttgartBW634,830
7DüsseldorfNW619,294
8LeipzigSN587,857
9DortmundNW587,010
10EssenNW583,109
11BremenHB569,352
12DresdenSN554,649

Contents: Cities

The population of all cities in Germany with more than 50,000 inhabitants according to census results and latest official estimates.

Cities within the boundaries of 31 December 2019.

NameStatusAdm.Population
Census (C)
1987-05-25
Population
Estimate (E)
1995-12-31
Population
Estimate (E)
2001-12-31
Population
Census (C)
2011-05-09
Population
Estimate (E)
2018-12-31
Area 
Aachen [Aix-la-Chapelle]CityNW229,740247,923245,778236,420247,38016085
AalenCityBW62,63366,23466,55966,31868,45614658
AhlenCityNW52,65755,78555,48152,28052,58212313
ArnsbergCityNW74,09178,97277,39674,38373,62819372
AschaffenburgCityCRBY60,96466,36068,36167,35970,5276245
AugsburgCityCRBY242,819259,699257,836267,767295,13514685
Baden-BadenCityCRBW50,12752,74553,08452,31455,12314019
Bad Homburg vor der HöheCityHE50,32951,17852,85851,37054,2485114
Bad KreuznachCityRP38,94242,91843,26543,24450,9485556
Bad SalzuflenCityNW50,58855,02955,08852,28554,12710005
BambergCityCRBY69,10069,65269,39670,63577,5925462
BayreuthCityCRBY69,81373,01674,51970,80874,6576689
BergheimCityNW54,54560,61063,59158,92261,6129634
Bergisch GladbachCityNW100,589105,478105,569108,878111,9668309
BerlinCityCRBE3,260,0003,471,4183,388,4343,292,3653,644,82689112
BielefeldCityCRNW305,566324,066323,373326,870333,78625883
BöblingenCityBW42,58946,51645,94044,85950,1553904
BocholtCityNW67,02870,42472,70171,25671,09911940
BochumCityCRNW386,271400,395390,087362,286364,62814566
BonnCityCRNW276,653291,431306,016305,765327,25814106
BottropCityCRNW114,640120,642120,780117,311117,38310061
Brandenburg an der HavelCityCRBB...86,75377,24571,56972,12422971
Braunschweig [Brunswick]CityCRNI252,351252,544245,516242,537248,29219270
BremenCityCRHB533,455549,357540,950542,707569,35231783
BremerhavenCityCRHB126,629130,400118,701108,156113,63410153
Castrop-RauxelCityNW77,08179,16078,47174,62973,4255168
CelleCityNI71,22273,93671,94969,00169,60217602
ChemnitzCityCRSN335,983288,268255,798240,253247,23522102
Cottbus (Chóśebuz)CityCRBB...126,343111,12599,984100,21916563
DarmstadtCityCRHE134,272138,980138,457143,499159,20712207
DelmenhorstCityCRNI72,07278,22676,28473,32277,6076245
Dessau-RoßlauCityCRST...107,69897,62786,03081,23724471
DetmoldCityNW65,50273,34373,77173,74374,38812939
DinslakenCityNW62,45869,14871,00567,85367,5254766
DormagenCityNW54,79061,15563,29562,20864,3358549
DorstenCityNW73,74480,73581,29376,86074,73617120
DortmundCityCRNW584,089598,840589,240571,143587,01028071
DresdenCityCRSN542,252495,424478,631512,354554,64932848
DuisburgCityCRNW525,378535,250512,030488,468498,59023280
DürenCityNW82,85790,27492,29288,78990,7338500
Düsseldorf [Dusseldorf]CityCRNW563,531571,030570,765586,291619,29421741
EmdenCityCRNI50,14451,55951,18549,78750,19511234
ErfurtCityCRTH...211,108200,126200,868213,69926991
ErlangenCityCRBY99,808101,406101,912103,719111,9627696
EschweilerCityNW53,05856,17155,25754,67156,3857575
EssenCityCRNW623,427614,861591,889566,201583,10921034
Esslingen am NeckarCityBW90,55790,02990,90586,88593,5424643
EuskirchenCityNW47,05052,20554,04755,41457,97513949
FlensburgCityCRSH86,55487,27684,48082,25889,5045673
Frankfurt (Oder)CityCRBB86,44180,80770,30859,14057,87314785
Frankfurt am MainCityCRHE618,266650,055641,076667,925753,05624831
FrechenCityNW42,34845,58347,38249,65752,4734506
Freiburg im BreisgauCityCRBW178,672199,273208,294209,628230,24115304
FriedrichshafenCityBW51,80856,31557,53856,93760,8656993
FuldaCityHE54,32260,85162,81964,41468,58610405
FürthCityCRBY97,480108,418111,257115,613127,7486335
GarbsenCityNI58,08162,68163,27159,49960,7547949
GelsenkirchenCityCRNW287,508291,164276,740258,766260,65410494
GeraCityCRTH...123,555109,92696,06794,15215218
GießenCityHE69,82473,88973,29574,77688,5467255
GladbeckCityNW78,34379,60577,46073,97475,6873597
GöppingenCityBW52,15158,08657,53655,03757,5585921
GörlitzCitySN83,21567,98060,26454,44156,3246752
GoslarCityNI57,31157,62955,64651,26150,75316388
GöttingenCityNI114,698126,253123,822115,843119,80111693
GreifswaldCityMV67,29860,77253,53355,44759,3825081
GrevenbroichCityNW58,61163,60465,03961,74163,62010241
GummersbachCityNW48,25053,14953,35549,95150,6889542
GüterslohCityNW81,80492,84295,45994,172100,19411202
HagenCityCRNW209,363212,003202,060187,944188,81416045
Halle (Saale)CityCRST329,625282,784243,045229,153239,25713503
HamburgCityCRHH1,592,7701,707,9011,726,3631,706,6961,841,17975509
HamelnCityNI58,18158,78159,05256,75657,51010253
HammCityCRNW171,170183,408183,805176,037179,11122643
HanauCityHE83,39188,92188,80186,80396,0237647
Hannover [Hanover]CityNI494,864523,147516,415506,416538,06820430
HattingenCityNW55,88058,65058,02354,25354,5627166
HeidelbergCityCRBW127,768138,781141,509146,751160,35510883
HeilbronnCityCRBW110,970121,509120,163116,059125,9609989
HerfordCityNW60,93565,91965,09765,21366,6087915
HerneCityCRNW174,238179,897174,018155,160156,3745142
HertenCityNW67,80669,18366,49561,50561,7913733
HildenCityNW53,26255,08656,61554,39055,7642595
HildesheimCityNI103,449106,101103,71799,554101,9909229
HürthCityNW48,37652,35154,09555,08260,1895122
IbbenbürenCityNW43,24347,42149,48550,56951,90410887
IngolstadtCityCRBY96,071111,979117,311124,927136,98113335
IserlohnCityNW92,18399,34198,86594,63092,66612549
JenaCityCRTH...101,061101,157105,739111,40711477
KaiserslauternCityCRRP97,326102,00299,79496,34099,84513970
KarlsruheCityCRBW260,591275,690279,578289,173313,09217342
KasselCityCRHE187,288201,573194,748190,765201,58510680
Kempten (Allgäu)CityCRBY59,36961,65761,50564,07868,9076328
KerpenCityNW53,60861,99863,65263,27366,20611396
KielCityCRSH237,767246,033232,242235,782247,54811865
KleveCityNW44,10648,34449,03147,43851,8459776
KoblenzCityCRRP108,246109,219107,730107,825114,02410525
Köln [Cologne]CityCRNW928,309965,697967,9401,005,7751,085,66440501
KonstanzCityBW70,37876,00079,24077,79684,7605412
KrefeldCityCRNW232,261249,606239,559222,247227,02013777
LandshutCityCRBY56,44659,21959,51363,54472,4046583
Langenfeld (Rheinland)CityNW50,29756,67658,75756,82958,9274115
LangenhagenCityNI45,96548,92149,50650,82154,2447197
LeipzigCityCRSN600,543519,710493,052502,979587,85729780
LeverkusenCityCRNW154,692162,252160,829158,984163,8387887
Lingen (Ems)CityNI47,48952,27051,36251,82154,42217618
LippstadtCityNW60,10266,63667,23165,88667,90111368
LübeckCityCRSH210,497216,986213,496210,305217,19821419
LüdenscheidCityNW74,63581,83780,50973,76272,6118702
LudwigsburgCityBW78,88486,81087,50286,13993,4994334
Ludwigshafen am RheinCityCRRP156,601167,369162,458157,584171,0617743
LüneburgCityNI59,54364,55868,23469,90575,3517050
LünenCityNW84,66491,59292,00586,01086,4495939
MagdeburgCityCRST288,975258,656229,755228,144238,69720101
MainzCityCRRP172,529183,720185,293200,344217,1189773
MannheimCityCRBW295,191311,292308,385290,117309,37014497
MarburgCityHE68,62476,83477,55671,68376,85112391
MarlCityNW89,06392,96592,62884,78283,9418776
MeerbuschCityNW50,24054,20655,17254,31356,1896439
Menden (Sauerland)CityNW54,05858,42459,18354,49552,9128610
MindenCityNW75,03182,97182,89880,12181,68210112
MoersCityNW100,872107,095107,421104,009103,7256768
MönchengladbachCityCRNW249,587266,702262,963255,188261,45417047
Mülheim an der RuhrCityCRNW176,423176,530172,332166,865170,8809128
München [Munich]CityCRBY1,185,4211,236,3701,227,9581,348,3351,471,50831070
MünsterCityCRNW246,186265,061267,197289,576314,31930328
NeubrandenburgCityMV87,23580,48371,72364,11164,0868611
NeumünsterCityCRSH79,77182,02879,64677,24979,4877166
NeussCityNW142,178148,796150,957150,568153,7969952
Neustadt an der WeinstraßeCityCRRP50,12053,78853,82252,16453,14811709
Neu-UlmCityBY44,43851,05350,70952,70658,7078095
NeuwiedCityRP60,26167,37467,01164,14464,5748650
NorderstedtCitySH65,97669,76672,01673,91379,1595810
NordhornCityNI48,36851,26952,47952,02953,40314987
Nürnberg [Nuremberg]CityCRBY470,943492,425491,307486,314518,36518645
OberhausenCityCRNW220,286224,397221,619210,216210,8297709
Offenbach am MainCityCRHE111,386116,533118,429113,443128,7444488
OffenburgCityBW51,31156,04558,28057,22859,6467837
Oldenburg (Oldenburg)CityCRNI140,149151,382155,908157,267168,21010309
OsnabrückCityCRNI150,807168,618164,195153,699164,74811980
PaderbornCityNW110,715133,717140,869142,365150,58017959
PassauCityCRBY48,51650,88550,66948,64952,4696956
PforzheimCityCRBW106,530118,763118,002114,411125,5429799
PlauenCitySN82,62873,02171,15564,46864,93110211
PotsdamCityCRBB...144,118141,907156,021178,08918825
PulheimCityNW47,85251,36553,44152,92954,0717215
RatingenCityNW88,63189,53491,79386,96787,2978874
RavensburgCityBW43,91346,62047,97448,39350,6239205
RecklinghausenCityNW119,991127,216124,587115,958112,2676650
RegensburgCityCRBY118,639125,836127,198135,403152,6108086
RemscheidCityCRNW120,132122,260118,753110,708110,9947452
ReutlingenCityBW98,853108,565111,338109,799115,9668704
RheineCityNW69,34874,58775,92572,74976,10714500
RosenheimCityCRBY53,15558,92059,31059,32963,3243722
RostockCityCRMV249,349227,535198,964200,265208,88618136
Rüsselsheim am MainCityHE58,53060,28759,55158,76565,4405829
SaarbrückenCitySL188,702187,032182,858175,853180,74116752
SalzgitterCityCRNI111,069117,713111,69698,895104,94822449
Sankt AugustinCityNW49,39655,06555,53953,85055,7673422
Schwäbisch GmündCityBW56,75463,73461,87358,10561,18611378
SchweinfurtCityCRBY51,96255,72254,56852,14354,0323570
SchwerinCityCRMV128,328114,68899,97891,29395,81813052
SiegenCityNW106,384111,398108,39799,187102,83611469
SindelfingenCityBW56,86159,43560,87860,53464,8585083
SolingenCityCRNW159,103165,735165,032155,265159,3608954
SpeyerCityCRRP44,03449,66449,95649,54050,3784271
Stolberg (Rhld.)CityNW55,74758,20358,71856,20656,7929848
StralsundCityMV75,85765,97759,97056,72959,4215414
StuttgartCityCRBW551,904585,604587,152585,890634,83020733
TrierCityCRRP94,11899,428100,024105,671110,63611706
TroisdorfCityNW60,07968,77873,28272,40874,9036200
TübingenCityBW71,70181,76982,44482,51190,54610806
UlmCityCRBW103,494115,721118,347116,761126,32911868
UnnaCityNW56,49966,47570,11759,14958,6338856
VelbertCityNW87,36689,78689,82381,30381,9847490
ViersenCityNW76,44577,33877,25974,94176,9059110
Villingen-SchwenningenCityBW75,86180,73481,69180,12385,18116553
WaiblingenCityBW45,60350,33352,53651,55255,4494275
WeimarCityCRTH...62,12263,52262,76465,0908448
WeselCityNW57,50761,60962,15160,33560,35712256
WetzlarCityHE50,21153,92252,65750,82652,9547565
WiesbadenCityCRHE251,871267,122271,076269,121278,34220387
WilhelmshavenCityCRNI90,98290,66784,99477,45176,27810707
WillichCityNW40,30345,93250,85350,70850,5926780
WittenCityNW102,902104,754103,15896,38296,5637240
WolfenbüttelCityNI50,72953,68654,51751,75652,1747874
WolfsburgCityCRNI124,896126,331121,887119,984124,15120461
WormsCityCRRP73,63580,01480,62579,20783,33010873
WuppertalCityCRNW365,662381,884364,784342,661354,38216839
WürzburgCityCRBY123,378127,295129,915124,297127,8808760
ZwickauCitySN130,455111,498101,72693,08189,54010258

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