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Germany: States and Major Cities

Federal Republic of Germany

Federal States (Bundesländer)

The population of the German states according to census results and latest official estimates.

NameAbbr.StatusCapitalArea
A (km²)
Population
Census (C)
1987-05-25
Population
Estimate (E)
1995-12-31
Population
Estimate (E)
2001-12-31
Population
Census (C)
2011-05-09
Population
Estimate (E)
2021-12-31
 
GermanyDEUFed RepBerlin357,58777,718,00081,817,49982,440,30980,219,69583,237,124
Baden-WürttembergBWBLStuttgart35,7489,286,38710,319,36710,600,90610,486,66011,124,6423574800
Bayern [Bavaria]BYBLMünchen70,54110,902,64311,993,48412,329,71412,397,61413,176,9897054100
BerlinBEBLBerlin8913,260,0003,471,4183,388,4343,292,3653,677,47289100
BrandenburgBBBLPotsdam29,6542,665,0002,542,0422,593,0402,455,7802,537,8682965400
BremenHBBLBremen420660,084679,757659,651650,863676,46342000
HamburgHHBLHamburg7551,592,7701,707,9011,726,3631,706,6961,853,93575500
Hessen [Hesse]HEBLWiesbaden21,1165,507,7776,009,9136,077,8265,971,8166,295,0172111600
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania]MVBLSchwerin23,2941,971,0001,823,0841,759,8771,609,9821,611,1602329400
Niedersachsen [Lower Saxony]NIBLHannover47,7107,162,1037,780,4227,956,4167,777,9928,027,0314771000
Nordrhein-Westfalen [North Rhine-Westphalia]NWBLDüsseldorf34,11216,711,84517,893,04518,052,09217,538,25117,924,5913411200
Rheinland-Pfalz [Rhineland-Palatinate]RPBLMainz19,8583,630,8233,977,9194,049,0663,989,8084,106,4851985800
SaarlandSLBLSaarbrücken2,5711,055,6601,084,3701,066,470999,623982,348257100
Sachsen [Saxony]SNBLDresden18,4505,032,0004,566,6034,384,1924,056,7994,043,0021845000
Sachsen-Anhalt [Saxony-Anhalt]STBLMagdeburg20,4593,008,0002,738,9282,580,6262,287,0402,169,2532045900
Schleswig-HolsteinSHBLKiel15,8042,554,2412,725,4612,804,2492,800,1192,922,0051580400
Thüringen [Thuringia]THBLErfurt16,2022,718,0002,503,7852,411,3872,188,5892,108,8631620200

Major Cities

 NameAdm.Population
Estimate (E)
2021-12-31
1BerlinBE3,677,472
2HamburgHH1,853,935
3MünchenBY1,487,708
4KölnNW1,073,096
5Frankfurt am MainHE759,224
6StuttgartBW626,275
7DüsseldorfNW619,477
8LeipzigSN601,866
9DortmundNW586,852
10EssenNW579,432
11BremenHB563,290
12DresdenSN555,351

Contents: Cities

The population of all cities in Germany with more than 50,000 inhabitants according to census results and latest official estimates.

Cities within the boundaries of 31 December 2021.

NameStatusAdm.Population
Census (C)
1987-05-25
Population
Estimate (E)
1995-12-31
Population
Estimate (E)
2001-12-31
Population
Census (C)
2011-05-09
Population
Estimate (E)
2021-12-31
Area 
Aachen [Aix-la-Chapelle]CityNW229,740247,923245,778236,420249,07016085
AalenCityBW62,63366,23466,55966,31868,35114658
AhlenCityNW52,65755,78555,48152,28052,62712313
ArnsbergCityNW74,09178,97277,39674,38373,42319372
AschaffenburgCityCRBY60,96466,36068,36167,35971,3816245
AugsburgCityCRBY242,819259,699257,836267,767296,47814685
Baden-BadenCityCRBW50,12752,74553,08452,31455,52714019
Bad Homburg vor der HöheCityHE50,32951,17852,85851,37054,1445114
Bad KreuznachCityRP38,94242,91843,26543,24451,6955556
Bad SalzuflenCityNW50,58855,02955,08852,28554,07410005
BambergCityCRBY69,10069,65269,39670,63577,7495462
BayreuthCityCRBY69,81373,01674,51970,80873,9096689
BergheimCityNW54,54560,61063,59158,92261,8079634
Bergisch GladbachCityNW100,589105,478105,569108,878111,6458309
BerlinCityCRBE3,260,0003,471,4183,388,4343,292,3653,677,47289112
BielefeldCityCRNW305,566324,066323,373326,870334,00225883
BöblingenCityBW42,58946,51645,94044,85950,4703904
BocholtCityNW67,02870,42472,70171,25671,07411940
BochumCityCRNW386,271400,395390,087362,286363,44114566
BonnCityCRNW276,653291,431306,016305,765331,88514106
BottropCityCRNW114,640120,642120,780117,311117,31110062
Brandenburg an der HavelCityCRBB...86,75377,24571,56972,46122972
Braunschweig [Brunswick]CityCRNI252,351252,544245,516242,537248,82319270
BremenCityCRHB533,455549,357540,950542,707563,29031821
BremerhavenCityCRHB126,629130,400118,701108,156113,17310141
Castrop-RauxelCityNW77,08179,16078,47174,62973,0785168
CelleCityNI71,22273,93671,94969,00169,27917602
ChemnitzCityCRSN335,983288,268255,798240,253243,10522103
Cottbus (Chóśebuz)CityCRBB...126,343111,12599,98498,35916562
DarmstadtCityCRHE134,272138,980138,457143,499159,63112207
DelmenhorstCityCRNI72,07278,22676,28473,32277,5226245
Dessau-RoßlauCityCRST...107,69897,62786,03078,73124479
DetmoldCityNW65,50273,34373,77173,74373,96912939
DinslakenCityNW62,45869,14871,00567,85367,1144766
DormagenCityNW54,79061,15563,29562,20864,5538550
DorstenCityNW73,74480,73581,29376,86074,55117120
DortmundCityCRNW584,089598,840589,240571,143586,85228071
DresdenCityCRSN542,252495,424478,631512,354555,35132848
DuisburgCityCRNW525,378535,250512,030488,468495,15223280
DürenCityNW82,85790,27492,29288,78991,8148500
Düsseldorf [Dusseldorf]CityCRNW563,531571,030570,765586,291619,47721741
ElmshornCitySH42,22246,97047,60347,45950,1412136
ErfurtCityCRTH...211,108200,126200,868213,22726991
ErlangenCityCRBY99,808101,406101,912103,719113,2927696
EschweilerCityNW53,05856,17155,25754,67155,7847575
EssenCityCRNW623,427614,861591,889566,201579,43221034
Esslingen am NeckarCityBW90,55790,02990,90586,88592,6404643
EuskirchenCityNW47,05052,20554,04755,41458,75413949
FlensburgCityCRSH86,55487,27684,48082,25891,1135673
Frankfurt (Oder)CityCRBB86,44180,80770,30859,14056,67914785
Frankfurt am MainCityCRHE618,266650,055641,076667,925759,22424831
FrechenCityNW42,34845,58347,38249,65752,1554506
Freiburg im BreisgauCityCRBW178,672199,273208,294209,628231,84815304
FriedrichshafenCityBW51,80856,31557,53856,93761,5616993
FuldaCityHE54,32260,85162,81964,41468,46210405
FürthCityCRBY97,480108,418111,257115,613129,1226335
GarbsenCityNI58,08162,68163,27159,49960,7117949
GelsenkirchenCityCRNW287,508291,164276,740258,766260,12610494
GeraCityCRTH...123,555109,92696,06791,36815218
GießenCityHE69,82473,88973,29574,77691,2557261
GladbeckCityNW78,34379,60577,46073,97475,3433597
GöppingenCityBW52,15158,08657,53655,03758,0615921
GörlitzCitySN83,21567,98060,26454,44155,5196752
GoslarCityNI57,31157,62955,64651,26150,01016388
GöttingenCityNI114,698126,253123,822115,843116,55711702
GreifswaldCityMV67,29860,77253,53355,44759,3325081
GrevenbroichCityNW58,61163,60465,03961,74163,92210242
GummersbachCityNW48,25053,14953,35549,95151,1269541
GüterslohCityNW81,80492,84295,45994,172101,15811202
HagenCityCRNW209,363212,003202,060187,944188,71316045
Halle (Saale)CityCRST329,625282,784243,045229,153238,06113502
HamburgCityCRHH1,592,7701,707,9011,726,3631,706,6961,853,93575509
HamelnCityNI58,18158,78159,05256,75657,39410253
HammCityCRNW171,170183,408183,805176,037179,23822643
HanauCityHE83,39188,92188,80186,80398,5027647
Hannover [Hanover]CityNI494,864523,147516,415506,416535,93220430
HattingenCityNW55,88058,65058,02354,25354,0617166
HeidelbergCityCRBW127,768138,781141,509146,751159,24510883
HeilbronnCityCRBW110,970121,509120,163116,059125,6139990
HerfordCityNW60,93565,91965,09765,21366,5517915
HerneCityCRNW174,238179,897174,018155,160156,6215142
HertenCityNW67,80669,18366,49561,50561,9103733
HildenCityNW53,26255,08656,61554,39055,1822595
HildesheimCityNI103,449106,101103,71799,554100,3199229
HürthCityNW48,37652,35154,09555,08260,0345122
IbbenbürenCityNW43,24347,42149,48550,56951,88810887
IngolstadtCityCRBY96,071111,979117,311124,927138,01613335
IserlohnCityNW92,18399,34198,86594,63091,87312549
JenaCityCRTH...101,061101,157105,739110,50211477
KaiserslauternCityCRRP97,326102,00299,79496,34099,29213970
KarlsruheCityCRBW260,591275,690279,578289,173306,50217342
KasselCityCRHE187,288201,573194,748190,765200,40610680
Kempten (Allgäu)CityCRBY59,36961,65761,50564,07869,0536328
KerpenCityNW53,60861,99863,65263,27366,29411396
KielCityCRSH237,767246,033232,242235,782246,24311865
KleveCityNW44,10648,34449,03147,43852,4709776
KoblenzCityCRRP108,246109,219107,730107,825113,63810525
Köln [Cologne]CityCRNW928,309965,697967,9401,005,7751,073,09640501
KonstanzCityBW70,37876,00079,24077,79684,7365412
KrefeldCityCRNW232,261249,606239,559222,247227,05013778
LandshutCityCRBY56,44659,21959,51363,54473,1506583
Langenfeld (Rheinland)CityNW50,29756,67658,75756,82959,2234115
LangenhagenCityNI45,96548,92149,50650,82154,7127197
LeipzigCityCRSN600,543519,710493,052502,979601,86629780
LeverkusenCityCRNW154,692162,252160,829158,984163,8517887
Lingen (Ems)CityNI47,48952,27051,36251,82155,59917618
LippstadtCityNW60,10266,63667,23165,88668,00711368
LübeckCityCRSH210,497216,986213,496210,305216,27721419
LüdenscheidCityNW74,63581,83780,50973,76271,2308702
LudwigsburgCityBW78,88486,81087,50286,13993,1174334
Ludwigshafen am RheinCityCRRP156,601167,369162,458157,584172,1457743
LüneburgCityNI59,54364,55868,23469,90575,5997050
LünenCityNW84,66491,59292,00586,01085,7215939
MagdeburgCityCRST288,975258,656229,755228,144236,18820103
MainzCityCRRP172,529183,720185,293200,344217,5569773
MannheimCityCRBW295,191311,292308,385290,117311,83114497
MarburgCityHE68,62476,83477,55671,68376,57112391
MarlCityNW89,06392,96592,62884,78283,6978776
MeerbuschCityNW50,24054,20655,17254,31356,8556440
Menden (Sauerland)CityNW54,05858,42459,18354,49552,0968610
MindenCityNW75,03182,97182,89880,12181,85710112
MoersCityNW100,872107,095107,421104,009103,7256768
MönchengladbachCityCRNW249,587266,702262,963255,188261,00117047
Mülheim an der RuhrCityCRNW176,423176,530172,332166,865170,7399128
München [Munich]CityCRBY1,185,4211,236,3701,227,9581,348,3351,487,70831070
MünsterCityCRNW246,186265,061267,197289,576317,71330328
NeubrandenburgCityMV87,23580,48371,72364,11163,0438612
NeumünsterCityCRSH79,77182,02879,64677,24979,4967166
NeussCityNW142,178148,796150,957150,568152,7319952
Neustadt an der WeinstraßeCityCRRP50,12053,78853,82252,16453,49111709
Neu-UlmCityBY44,43851,05350,70952,70659,8148095
NeuwiedCityRP60,26167,37467,01164,14465,1378650
NorderstedtCitySH65,97669,76672,01673,91380,4205810
NordhornCityNI48,36851,26952,47952,02954,16214987
Nürnberg [Nuremberg]CityCRBY470,943492,425491,307486,314510,63218644
OberhausenCityCRNW220,286224,397221,619210,216208,7527709
Offenbach am MainCityCRHE111,386116,533118,429113,443131,2954488
OffenburgCityBW51,31156,04558,28057,22860,8577837
Oldenburg (Oldenburg)CityCRNI140,149151,382155,908157,267170,38910309
OsnabrückCityCRNI150,807168,618164,195153,699165,03411980
PaderbornCityNW110,715133,717140,869142,365152,53117959
PassauCityCRBY48,51650,88550,66948,64953,0936956
PeineCityNI45,78049,02449,49948,58250,46111984
PforzheimCityCRBW106,530118,763118,002114,411125,5299799
PlauenCitySN82,62873,02171,15564,46863,37210211
PotsdamCityCRBB...144,118141,907156,021183,15418824
PulheimCityNW47,85251,36553,44152,92954,8057215
RastattCityBW39,66046,85746,26446,64850,4415898
RatingenCityNW88,63189,53491,79386,96786,4248874
RavensburgCityBW43,91346,62047,97448,39350,9289205
RecklinghausenCityNW119,991127,216124,587115,958110,7146650
RegensburgCityCRBY118,639125,836127,198135,403153,5428086
RemscheidCityCRNW120,132122,260118,753110,708111,7707452
ReutlingenCityBW98,853108,565111,338109,799116,4568704
RheineCityNW69,34874,58775,92572,74976,94814500
RosenheimCityCRBY53,15558,92059,31059,32963,5083722
RostockCityCRMV249,349227,535198,964200,265208,40018136
Rüsselsheim am MainCityHE58,53060,28759,55158,76566,1255829
SaarbrückenCitySL188,702187,032182,858175,853179,63416752
SalzgitterCityCRNI111,069117,713111,69698,895103,69422449
Sankt AugustinCityNW49,39655,06555,53953,85055,5633422
Schwäbisch GmündCityBW56,75463,73461,87358,10561,33311378
SchweinfurtCityCRBY51,96255,72254,56852,14353,5853570
SchwerinCityCRMV128,328114,68899,97891,29395,74013052
SiegenCityNW106,384111,398108,39799,187101,51611469
SindelfingenCityBW56,86159,43560,87860,53464,1515083
SolingenCityCRNW159,103165,735165,032155,265158,9578954
SpeyerCityCRRP44,03449,66449,95649,54050,5654271
Stolberg (Rhld.)CityNW55,74758,20358,71856,20656,1039848
StralsundCityMV75,85765,97759,97056,72959,1715459
StuttgartCityCRBW551,904585,604587,152585,890626,27520732
TrierCityCRRP94,11899,428100,024105,671110,57011706
TroisdorfCityNW60,07968,77873,28272,40875,2226200
TübingenCityBW71,70181,76982,44482,51191,87710806
UlmCityCRBW103,494115,721118,347116,761126,94911868
UnnaCityNW56,49966,47570,11759,14958,9118856
VelbertCityNW87,36689,78689,82381,30381,5937490
ViersenCityNW76,44577,33877,25974,94177,5239110
Villingen-SchwenningenCityBW75,86180,73481,69180,12386,47516553
WaiblingenCityBW45,60350,33352,53651,55255,5264275
WeimarCityCRTH...62,12263,52262,76465,1388448
WeselCityNW57,50761,60962,15160,33560,68812256
WetzlarCityHE50,21153,92252,65750,82652,9697565
WiesbadenCityCRHE251,871267,122271,076269,121278,95020387
WilhelmshavenCityCRNI90,98290,66784,99477,45175,02710707
WillichCityNW40,30345,93250,85350,70850,1336780
WittenCityNW102,902104,754103,15896,38295,1077240
WolfenbüttelCityNI50,72953,68654,51751,75651,9867873
WolfsburgCityCRNI124,896126,331121,887119,984123,94920461
WormsCityCRRP73,63580,01480,62579,20783,85010873
WuppertalCityCRNW365,662381,884364,784342,661354,57216839
WürzburgCityCRBY123,378127,295129,915124,297126,9338760
ZwickauCitySN130,455111,498101,72693,08186,59210258

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