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Canada: Metropolitan Areas (Population Estimates)

Provinces and Territories

The population of the Canadian provinces and territories according to official estimates.

NameStatusPopulation
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2016-07-01
 
CanadaCountry29,905,94831,358,41832,887,92834,752,12836,286,425
AlbertaProvince2,829,8483,128,2623,514,0313,888,6324,252,879
British ColumbiaProvince3,948,5834,100,1614,290,9884,542,5084,751,612
ManitobaProvince1,136,1281,156,6361,189,3661,250,4991,318,128
New BrunswickProvince752,511749,379745,407756,816756,780
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince550,911519,483509,039526,874530,128
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory41,62541,69443,37443,63944,469
Nova ScotiaProvince932,402935,155935,071944,835949,501
NunavutTerritory25,88428,82231,39534,72937,082
OntarioProvince11,227,65112,093,29912,764,19513,410,08213,982,984
Prince Edward IslandProvince136,095136,876137,721145,258148,649
Québec [Quebec]Province7,274,6117,441,4987,692,7368,084,7548,326,089
SaskatchewanProvince1,017,902996,8161,002,0481,087,3361,150,632
YukonTerritory31,79730,33732,55736,16637,492

Major Metropolitan Areas

 NamePopulation
Estimate
2016-07-01
1Toronto6,242,273
2Montréal4,093,767
3Vancouver2,548,740
4Calgary1,469,341
5Edmonton1,392,594
6Ottawa - Gatineau1,351,135
7Winnipeg811,874
8Québec807,211
9Hamilton778,417

Contents: Metropolitan Areas

The population of all Canadian metropolitan areas according to official estimates.

Name StatusProvince(s)Population
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2016-07-01
 
Abbotsford - MissionMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,868155,316165,676176,659186,792
BarrieMetropolitan AreaOntario146,495161,642186,064195,402205,003
BrantfordMetropolitan AreaOntario123,674129,629136,330140,426145,455
CalgaryMetropolitan AreaAlberta868,6501,007,4691,153,7691,307,5801,469,341
EdmontonMetropolitan AreaAlberta900,471984,5551,104,5571,241,8051,392,594
Greater Sudbury (Grand Sudbury)Metropolitan AreaOntario168,582161,198164,808165,499165,536
GuelphMetropolitan AreaOntario114,021131,172140,035148,036156,029
HalifaxMetropolitan AreaNova Scotia355,526374,410386,498406,757425,871
HamiltonMetropolitan AreaOntario643,286697,023722,102750,721778,417
KelownaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,314155,950170,987185,639198,304
KingstonMetropolitan AreaOntario148,855154,919158,664165,957171,372
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo (Tri-Cities)Metropolitan AreaOntario400,687439,937474,219498,879517,316
LondonMetropolitan AreaOntario439,584458,586478,492494,452512,431
MonctonMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick119,352123,776131,123142,758149,744
MontréalMetropolitan AreaQuébec3,423,5963,570,4983,714,8463,937,4434,093,767
OshawaMetropolitan AreaOntario284,834315,099348,280373,778393,977
Ottawa - Gatineau (National Capital Region)Metropolitan AreaOntario / Québec1,036,8361,126,3211,188,0731,288,5621,351,135
PeterboroughMetropolitan AreaOntario111,976116,736120,560122,732124,082
QuébecMetropolitan AreaQuébec689,763708,728736,993785,227807,211
ReginaMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan199,777196,908202,481224,990247,224
Saguenay (Chicoutimi - Jonquière)Metropolitan AreaQuébec161,188160,973157,213159,982159,669
Saint JohnMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick128,162125,856125,550128,495127,549
SaskatoonMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan230,357232,779244,193281,421315,150
SherbrookeMetropolitan AreaQuébec174,709185,838195,028207,492215,594
St. Catharines - NiagaraMetropolitan AreaOntario381,539394,772402,581404,042411,700
St. John'sMetropolitan AreaNewfoundland and Labrador184,286177,681186,067205,899217,454
Thunder BayMetropolitan AreaOntario133,371126,800126,024125,126124,166
Toronto (Greater Toronto Area)Metropolitan AreaOntario4,493,0655,004,0115,418,2075,868,8976,242,273
Trois-RivièresMetropolitan AreaQuébec142,397143,138147,023154,396157,764
VancouverMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia1,957,7662,098,1702,218,1342,408,0982,548,740
VictoriaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia318,159328,301341,571355,150370,899
WindsorMetropolitan AreaOntario299,666326,624333,507330,868340,279
WinnipegMetropolitan AreaManitoba683,782700,054719,065759,620811,874

Source: Statistics Canada (web).

Explanation: Boundaries of metropolitan areas according to the definition of 2011. In contrast to the census figures, the tabulated population estimates are adjusted for underenumeration. The 2016 figures are based on the 2011 census; population estimates based on the 2016 census will be available in 2019.