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Canada: Agglomerations (Census Population)

Provinces and Territories

The population of the Canadian provinces and territories by census years.

NameStatusPopulation
Census
2001-05-15
Population
Census
2006-05-16
Population
Census
2011-05-10
Population
Census
2016-05-10
 
AlbertaProvince2,974,8073,290,3503,645,2574,067,175
British ColumbiaProvince3,907,7384,113,4874,400,0574,648,055
ManitobaProvince1,119,5831,148,4011,208,2681,278,365
New BrunswickProvince729,498729,997751,171747,101
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince512,930505,469514,536519,716
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory37,36041,46441,46241,786
Nova ScotiaProvince908,007913,462921,727923,598
NunavutTerritory26,74529,47431,90635,944
OntarioProvince11,410,04612,160,28212,851,82113,448,494
Prince Edward IslandProvince135,294135,851140,204142,907
Québec [Quebec]Province7,237,4797,546,1317,903,0018,164,361
SaskatchewanProvince978,933968,1571,033,3811,098,352
YukonTerritory28,67430,37233,89735,874
CanadaCountry30,007,09431,612,89733,476,68835,151,728

Major Metropolitan Areas

 NamePopulation
Census
2016-05-10
1Toronto5,928,040
2Montréal4,098,927
3Vancouver2,463,431
4Calgary1,392,609
5Ottawa - Gatineau1,323,783
6Edmonton1,321,426
7Québec800,296
8Winnipeg778,489
9Hamilton747,545

Contents: Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations

The population of all Canadian metropolitan areas and census agglomerations by census years.

Name StatusProvince(s)Population
Census
2001-05-15
Population
Census
2006-05-16
Population
Census
2011-05-10
Population
Census
2016-05-10
 
Abbotsford - MissionMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia147,014159,020170,191180,518
AlmaCensus AgglomerationQuébec32,15431,86433,01832,849
ArnpriorCensus AgglomerationOntario14,03514,38015,48515,973
Baie-ComeauCensus AgglomerationQuébec29,97529,32828,46527,692
BarrieMetropolitan AreaOntario148,480177,061187,013197,059
BathurstCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick33,56432,39531,93631,110
Bay RobertsCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador10,53110,50710,87111,083
BellevilleMetropolitan AreaOntario96,051100,494101,668103,472
BrandonCensus AgglomerationManitoba47,90049,82454,84758,003
BrantfordMetropolitan AreaOntario118,086124,607135,501134,203
BrockvilleCensus AgglomerationOntario39,04939,66839,02438,553
BrooksCensus AgglomerationAlberta21,68522,45223,43024,662
CalgaryMetropolitan AreaAlberta949,5121,079,3101,215,1141,392,609
Campbell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia...34,70736,09637,861
CampbelltonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick / Québec11,90211,52117,36115,746
CamroseCensus AgglomerationAlberta14,87015,63017,28618,742
CanmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta10,79212,03912,28813,992
Cape Breton (Sydney)Census AgglomerationNova Scotia109,330105,928101,61998,722
Carleton PlaceCensus AgglomerationOntario26,77627,57429,18031,451
Centre Wellington (Fergus)Census AgglomerationOntario24,26026,04926,69328,191
CharlottetownCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island59,17460,47365,52369,325
Chatham-KentCensus AgglomerationOntario107,709108,589104,075102,042
ChilliwackCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia72,62180,50093,882101,512
CobourgCensus AgglomerationOntario17,17218,21018,51919,440
Cold Lake (Grand Centre)Census AgglomerationAlberta11,52011,99113,83914,961
CollingwoodCensus AgglomerationOntario16,03917,29019,24121,793
Corner BrookCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador30,50131,05431,41731,917
CornwallCensus AgglomerationOntario57,58158,48558,95759,699
CourtenayCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia...48,62151,78754,157
CowansvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec12,03212,18212,48913,656
CranbrookCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia24,27524,13825,03726,083
Dawson CreekCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia10,75410,99411,58312,178
Dolbeau-MistassiniCensus AgglomerationQuébec16,34716,03015,82615,673
DrummondvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec80,42685,64891,22296,118
DuncanCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia...41,38743,25244,451
EdmontonMetropolitan AreaAlberta937,4631,034,9451,160,0061,321,426
EdmundstonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick24,45323,55623,81923,524
Elliot LakeCensus AgglomerationOntario11,95611,54911,34810,741
EstevanCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan12,08311,88312,97313,615
Fort St. JohnCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia23,00725,13626,38028,396
FrederictonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick79,56783,58698,320101,760
GanderCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador11,25411,62112,68313,234
GranbyCensus AgglomerationQuébec...74,77580,86385,056
Grande PrairieCensus AgglomerationAlberta36,98347,10755,65563,166
Grand Falls-WindsorCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador13,34013,55813,72514,171
Greater Sudbury (Grand Sudbury)Metropolitan AreaOntario158,228160,733163,067164,689
GuelphMetropolitan AreaOntario123,229133,698141,097151,984
HalifaxMetropolitan AreaNova Scotia359,183372,858390,328403,390
HamiltonMetropolitan AreaOntario662,401692,911721,053747,545
HawkesburyCensus AgglomerationOntario / Québec11,63412,26712,12811,974
High RiverCensus AgglomerationAlberta9,38310,71612,93013,584
IngersollCensus AgglomerationOntario10,97711,76012,14612,757
JolietteCensus AgglomerationQuébec39,42743,30646,93249,439
KamloopsCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia88,91992,79798,754103,811
Kawartha Lakes (Lindsay)Census AgglomerationOntario69,17974,56173,21975,423
KelownaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia121,738162,276179,839194,882
KenoraCensus AgglomerationOntario15,83815,17715,34815,096
KentvilleCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia25,17225,96926,35926,222
KingstonMetropolitan AreaOntario146,838152,358159,561161,175
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo (Tri-Cities)Metropolitan AreaOntario429,150468,332496,383523,894
LachuteCensus AgglomerationQuébec11,62811,83212,55112,862
LacombeCensus AgglomerationAlberta9,38410,75211,70713,057
LeamingtonCensus AgglomerationOntario46,75749,74149,76549,147
LethbridgeMetropolitan AreaAlberta87,38895,196105,999117,394
LloydminsterCensus AgglomerationAlberta / Saskatchewan23,96427,02330,85934,583
LondonMetropolitan AreaOntario435,600457,720474,786494,069
MataneCensus AgglomerationQuébec18,86618,70918,36817,926
Medicine HatCensus AgglomerationAlberta61,73568,82272,80776,522
MidlandCensus AgglomerationOntario33,69235,43235,41935,859
Miramichi (Chatham - Douglastown)Census AgglomerationNew Brunswick29,64828,77328,09627,523
MonctonMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick119,464127,222139,287144,810
MontréalMetropolitan AreaQuébec3,543,0063,737,2073,934,0784,098,927
Moose JawCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan33,51933,36034,42135,053
NanaimoCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia85,45392,36198,021104,936
NelsonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia16,74616,70417,98718,307
New GlasgowCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia36,73536,28835,80934,487
Norfolk (Simcoe)Census AgglomerationOntario60,84762,56363,17564,044
North BattlefordCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan18,59017,76518,85019,623
North BayCensus AgglomerationOntario70,19471,49172,49570,378
OkotoksCensus AgglomerationAlberta11,68917,15024,51128,881
OrilliaCensus AgglomerationOntario29,12130,25930,58631,166
OshawaMetropolitan AreaOntario296,298330,594356,177379,848
Ottawa - Gatineau (National Capital Region)Metropolitan AreaOntario / Québec1,087,1771,151,1411,254,9191,323,783
Owen SoundCensus AgglomerationOntario31,58332,25932,09231,820
ParksvilleCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia24,28526,51827,82228,922
PembrokeCensus AgglomerationOntario22,22323,19524,01723,269
PentictonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia39,56841,30342,36143,432
PetawawaCensus AgglomerationOntario14,39814,65115,98817,187
PeterboroughMetropolitan AreaOntario110,876116,570118,975121,721
Portage la PrairieCensus AgglomerationManitoba12,97612,72812,99613,304
Port AlberniCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia25,39625,34325,46525,112
Port HopeCensus AgglomerationOntario15,60516,39016,21416,753
Powell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia16,60416,53716,68916,783
Prince AlbertCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan42,52141,68843,68044,160
Prince GeorgeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia85,03583,22584,23286,622
Prince RupertCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia15,30213,39213,05212,687
QuébecMetropolitan AreaQuébec689,772720,602767,310800,296
QuesnelCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia24,36522,44923,56623,146
Red DeerCensus AgglomerationAlberta67,82983,15490,564100,418
ReginaMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan193,836195,948211,497236,481
RimouskiCensus AgglomerationQuébec50,70251,70553,71155,349
Rivière-du-LoupCensus AgglomerationQuébec...27,57428,98728,902
Rouyn-NorandaCensus AgglomerationQuébec39,62139,92441,01242,334
Saguenay (Chicoutimi - Jonquière)Metropolitan AreaQuébec160,111157,167158,864160,980
Sainte-MarieCensus AgglomerationQuébec11,32011,58412,88913,565
Saint-GeorgesCensus AgglomerationQuébec28,12729,61631,17332,513
Saint-HyacintheCensus AgglomerationQuébec53,74354,97656,79459,614
Saint JohnMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick123,900123,598129,057126,202
Salaberry-de-ValleyfieldCensus AgglomerationQuébec39,02839,67240,07740,745
Salmon ArmCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia15,27316,20517,68317,904
SarniaCensus AgglomerationOntario95,69096,29997,13196,151
SaskatoonMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan227,277235,215262,215295,095
Sault Ste. MarieCensus AgglomerationOntario78,90880,09879,80078,159
Sept-ÎlesCensus AgglomerationQuébec27,62327,82728,48728,534
ShawiniganCensus AgglomerationQuébec56,03856,08454,48954,181
SherbrookeMetropolitan AreaQuébec179,865191,410202,261212,105
Sorel-TracyCensus AgglomerationQuébec40,95640,91741,52041,629
SquamishCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia14,43515,25617,47919,893
St. Catharines - NiagaraMetropolitan AreaOntario377,009390,317392,184406,074
SteinbachCensus AgglomerationManitoba9,22711,06613,52415,829
St. John'sMetropolitan AreaNewfoundland and Labrador172,918181,113196,954205,955
StratfordCensus AgglomerationOntario29,78030,51630,90331,465
StrathmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta7,62110,28012,30513,756
SummersideCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island16,20016,15316,48816,587
Swift CurrentCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan16,52716,53317,53518,536
Sylvan LakeCensus AgglomerationAlberta7,89410,70312,79715,302
TerraceCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia16,65915,42015,56915,723
Thetford MinesCensus AgglomerationQuébec29,31329,05228,92728,448
ThompsonCensus AgglomerationManitoba13,25613,44613,12313,678
Thunder BayMetropolitan AreaOntario121,986122,907121,596121,621
TillsonburgCensus AgglomerationOntario14,05214,82215,30115,872
TimminsCensus AgglomerationOntario43,68642,99743,16541,788
Toronto (Greater Toronto Area)Metropolitan AreaOntario4,682,8975,113,1495,583,0645,928,040
Trois-RivièresMetropolitan AreaQuébec140,601144,713151,773156,042
TruroCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia44,27645,07745,88845,753
Val-d'OrCensus AgglomerationQuébec32,42332,28833,26533,871
VancouverMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia1,986,4862,116,5812,313,3282,463,431
VernonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia51,53055,41858,58461,334
VictoriaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia311,745330,088344,679367,770
VictoriavilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec41,23343,19546,35449,151
Wasaga BeachCensus AgglomerationOntario12,41915,02917,53720,675
WetaskiwinCensus AgglomerationAlberta11,15411,68912,52512,655
WeyburnCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan9,5349,43310,48410,870
WhitehorseCensus AgglomerationYukon19,76822,89826,02828,225
Williams LakeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia19,74218,76018,49018,277
WindsorMetropolitan AreaOntario307,877323,342319,246329,144
WinklerCensus AgglomerationManitoba19,22422,04426,83830,297
WinnipegMetropolitan AreaManitoba676,594694,668730,018778,489
Wood Buffalo (Fort McMurray)Census AgglomerationAlberta42,57652,64366,89673,320
WoodstockCensus AgglomerationOntario33,26935,82237,75440,902
YellowknifeCensus AgglomerationNorthwest Territories16,54118,70019,23419,569
YorktonCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan17,50717,43818,23818,905

Source: Statistics Canada (web).

Explanation: Boundaries of metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to the definition of 2016.