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Canada: Agglomerations

Provinces and Territories

The population of the Canadian provinces and territories according to official estimates.

NameStatusPopulation
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
Population
Estimate
2019-07-01
 
AlbertaProvince2,829,8483,128,2623,514,1473,874,5484,243,5434,371,316
British ColumbiaProvince3,948,5834,100,1614,290,9844,566,7694,924,2335,071,336
ManitobaProvince1,136,1281,156,6361,189,4511,249,9751,335,0181,369,465
New BrunswickProvince752,511749,379745,433758,378766,762776,827
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince550,911519,483509,055526,345528,356521,542
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory41,62541,69443,37243,64844,90844,826
Nova ScotiaProvince932,402935,155935,115943,635950,401971,395
NunavutTerritory25,88428,82231,39534,67237,55938,780
OntarioProvince11,227,65112,093,29912,764,80613,390,63214,072,61514,566,547
Prince Edward IslandProvince136,095136,876137,711144,530150,483156,947
Québec [Quebec]Province7,274,6117,441,4987,692,9168,061,1018,298,8278,484,965
SaskatchewanProvince1,017,902996,8161,002,0861,083,7551,150,9261,174,462
YukonTerritory31,79730,33732,55436,23439,69040,854
CanadaCountry29,905,94831,358,41832,889,02534,714,22236,543,32137,589,262

Major Metropolitan Areas

 NamePopulation
Estimate
2019-07-01
1Toronto6,471,850
2Montréal4,318,505
3Vancouver2,691,351
4Calgary1,514,723
5Edmonton1,447,143
6Ottawa - Gatineau1,441,118
7Winnipeg844,566
8Québec824,411
9Hamilton794,716

Contents: Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations

The population of all Canadian metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to official estimates.

The Details icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, country of birth, mother tongue).

Name StatusProvince(s)Population
Estimate
1997-07-01
Population
Estimate
2002-07-01
Population
Estimate
2007-07-01
Population
Estimate
2012-07-01
Population
Estimate
2017-07-01
Population
Estimate
2019-07-01
 
Abbotsford - MissionMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,868155,316166,354176,526193,315201,953
AlmaCensus AgglomerationQuébec......32,16333,26632,90932,905
ArnpriorCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,06216,08916,66317,308
Baie-ComeauCensus AgglomerationQuébec......29,22028,74927,54326,970
BarrieMetropolitan AreaOntario146,495161,642186,501194,450206,733213,660
BathurstCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......32,73531,95231,65231,683
Bay RobertsCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......10,60511,07011,33611,187
BellevilleMetropolitan AreaOntario......104,664104,718107,913111,311
BrandonCensus AgglomerationManitoba......52,02756,60760,88162,242
BrantfordMetropolitan AreaOntario123,674129,629136,502139,847145,646149,018
BrockvilleCensus AgglomerationOntario......40,74739,35239,68340,182
BrooksCensus AgglomerationAlberta......23,74224,99725,09225,081
CalgaryMetropolitan AreaAlberta868,6501,007,4691,155,5601,300,2921,459,2561,514,723
Campbell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......36,03836,99340,15741,845
CampbelltonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick / Québec......17,59217,12716,17815,992
CamroseCensus AgglomerationAlberta......16,70518,17619,09019,161
CanmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta......12,61513,21414,88115,032
Cape Breton (Sydney)Census AgglomerationNova Scotia......106,827103,12299,674101,265
Carleton PlaceCensus AgglomerationOntario......28,77830,36333,40335,820
Centre Wellington (Fergus)Census AgglomerationOntario......26,99627,63929,50631,035
CharlottetownCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island......61,59168,18874,54178,568
Chatham-KentCensus AgglomerationOntario......111,170106,000105,266106,091
ChilliwackCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......88,69497,595108,942114,938
CobourgCensus AgglomerationOntario......18,78319,42320,01720,180
Cold Lake (Grand Centre)Census AgglomerationAlberta......12,93614,79615,05914,817
CollingwoodCensus AgglomerationOntario......18,20920,45622,66723,818
Corner BrookCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......31,34032,09832,36131,793
CornwallCensus AgglomerationOntario......60,34060,55961,45562,445
CourtenayCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......50,55153,05457,22659,268
CowansvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......12,27212,86214,04814,657
CranbrookCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......25,08025,69827,29527,708
Dawson CreekCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......11,64312,19112,98813,426
Dolbeau-MistassiniCensus AgglomerationQuébec......15,96615,91515,51915,463
DrummondvilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......87,30893,06097,85299,722
DuncanCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......42,76043,94846,94848,251
EdmontonMetropolitan AreaAlberta900,471984,5551,104,3171,234,3071,391,2191,447,143
EdmundstonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......24,29524,00023,99824,052
Elliot LakeCensus AgglomerationOntario......11,76311,30111,14511,431
EstevanCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......12,45013,72813,85713,783
Fort St. JohnCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......26,56528,31529,78629,923
FrederictonCensus AgglomerationNew Brunswick......93,391100,362106,068109,883
GanderCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......11,90713,14213,60413,550
GranbyCensus AgglomerationQuébec......76,54382,45086,52188,754
Grande PrairieCensus AgglomerationAlberta......52,37260,54865,31669,933
Grand Falls-WindsorCensus AgglomerationNewfoundland and Labrador......13,60514,06814,38714,258
Greater Sudbury (Grand Sudbury)Metropolitan AreaOntario168,582161,198167,308168,205169,593172,216
GuelphMetropolitan AreaOntario114,021131,172140,239147,971160,002165,236
HalifaxMetropolitan AreaNova Scotia355,526374,410386,402404,376421,939440,348
HamiltonMetropolitan AreaOntario643,286697,023721,376747,678777,638794,716
HawkesburyCensus AgglomerationOntario / Québec......12,48412,42612,39912,495
High RiverCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,45813,77714,14214,250
IngersollCensus AgglomerationOntario......12,20412,66513,37314,032
JolietteCensus AgglomerationQuébec......44,18847,84950,09051,459
KamloopsCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......97,468102,073110,444115,957
Kawartha Lakes (Lindsay)Census AgglomerationOntario......76,17775,51778,49480,516
KelownaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia145,314155,950170,995186,137208,369217,229
KenoraCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,60815,69915,85315,919
KentvilleCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......26,59427,01027,01627,751
KingstonMetropolitan AreaOntario148,855154,919158,849164,353169,529175,708
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo (Tri-Cities)Metropolitan AreaOntario400,687439,937492,486517,359553,620584,259
LachuteCensus AgglomerationQuébec......11,95512,73812,90813,272
LacombeCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,39112,57913,24913,294
LeamingtonCensus AgglomerationOntario......51,48050,63153,12852,209
LethbridgeMetropolitan AreaAlberta......101,924111,288122,458127,232
LloydminsterCensus AgglomerationAlberta / Saskatchewan......29,14233,25735,74336,563
LondonMetropolitan AreaOntario439,584458,586478,557491,868520,259545,441
MataneCensus AgglomerationQuébec......18,76318,45817,91717,646
Medicine HatCensus AgglomerationAlberta......72,90076,13978,60979,267
MidlandCensus AgglomerationOntario......36,53136,13238,02739,567
Miramichi (Chatham - Douglastown)Census AgglomerationNew Brunswick......29,05428,21627,96528,000
MonctonMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick119,352123,776132,060142,871150,489155,825
MontréalMetropolitan AreaQuébec3,423,5963,570,4983,820,6274,031,6554,190,7864,318,505
Moose JawCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......34,20835,55736,28036,500
NanaimoCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......96,089101,238111,109115,743
NelsonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,47318,33919,20019,500
New GlasgowCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......36,76536,30334,96134,824
Norfolk (Simcoe)Census AgglomerationOntario......64,61564,43467,02570,194
North BattlefordCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......18,35719,56720,10119,696
North BayCensus AgglomerationOntario......74,13474,08373,19573,838
OkotoksCensus AgglomerationAlberta......19,36326,62029,95130,542
OrilliaCensus AgglomerationOntario......31,37431,79332,57533,335
OshawaMetropolitan AreaOntario284,834315,099347,901372,288398,760413,936
Ottawa - Gatineau (National Capital Region)Metropolitan AreaOntario / Québec1,036,8361,126,3211,205,6321,303,5621,384,9831,441,118
Owen SoundCensus AgglomerationOntario......33,21532,66532,89333,716
ParksvilleCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......27,29328,12130,46530,707
PembrokeCensus AgglomerationOntario......24,24124,93523,89623,766
PentictonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......42,60743,22045,52746,248
PetawawaCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,70016,66017,99418,687
PeterboroughMetropolitan AreaOntario111,976116,736120,672122,458127,175131,416
Portage la PrairieCensus AgglomerationManitoba......13,03113,15813,57913,549
Port AlberniCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......25,87725,66326,25526,794
Port HopeCensus AgglomerationOntario......16,85216,56117,49417,743
Powell RiverCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,03816,86317,45417,558
Prince AlbertCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......43,07245,04446,12046,312
Prince GeorgeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......86,69486,84291,95895,180
Prince RupertCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......13,65413,31213,32413,486
QuébecMetropolitan AreaQuébec689,763708,728738,487783,796809,898824,411
QuesnelCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......23,47423,96424,14624,398
Red DeerCensus AgglomerationAlberta......89,08596,878103,338105,768
ReginaMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan199,777196,908203,144225,232251,397261,684
RimouskiCensus AgglomerationQuébec......52,36054,64555,64756,123
Rivière-du-LoupCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,24429,16929,23429,580
Rouyn-NorandaCensus AgglomerationQuébec......40,38741,66942,83143,055
Saguenay (Chicoutimi - Jonquière)Metropolitan AreaQuébec161,188160,973158,111161,168161,627162,416
Sainte-MarieCensus AgglomerationQuébec......11,96313,13113,73913,601
Saint-GeorgesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......30,17831,77832,84233,464
Saint-HyacintheCensus AgglomerationQuébec......55,87258,06660,11960,733
Saint JohnMetropolitan AreaNew Brunswick128,162125,856126,700129,755129,508131,025
Salaberry-de-ValleyfieldCensus AgglomerationQuébec......40,02040,34141,29242,256
Salmon ArmCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......17,06117,81518,86919,369
SarniaCensus AgglomerationOntario......99,57799,54998,593100,662
SaskatoonMetropolitan AreaSaskatchewan230,357232,779246,052280,765315,923330,674
Sault Ste. MarieCensus AgglomerationOntario......82,87482,21780,20380,589
Sept-ÎlesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,14328,99328,32328,157
ShawiniganCensus AgglomerationQuébec......56,12854,67154,25554,411
SherbrookeMetropolitan AreaQuébec174,709185,838194,838206,677215,323221,043
Sorel-TracyCensus AgglomerationQuébec......41,30741,69841,63241,732
SquamishCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......16,10218,41021,50822,397
St. Catharines - NiagaraMetropolitan AreaOntario381,539394,772402,845404,504422,457434,927
SteinbachCensus AgglomerationManitoba......11,95214,84316,26216,313
St. John'sMetropolitan AreaNewfoundland and Labrador184,286177,681186,173204,537212,241212,433
StratfordCensus AgglomerationOntario......31,66231,84532,76933,717
StrathmoreCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,26013,01514,06314,226
SummersideCensus AgglomerationPrince Edward Island......16,47317,00917,11217,864
Swift CurrentCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......17,00618,21519,28619,644
Sylvan LakeCensus AgglomerationAlberta......11,72114,02915,65015,924
TerraceCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......15,84715,97416,39916,858
Thetford MinesCensus AgglomerationQuébec......28,94728,93328,64128,659
ThompsonCensus AgglomerationManitoba......13,82313,48414,46314,332
Thunder BayMetropolitan AreaOntario133,371126,800125,977125,031125,542127,201
TillsonburgCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,34116,11716,64716,963
TimminsCensus AgglomerationOntario......44,51444,32342,65943,006
Toronto (Greater Toronto Area)Metropolitan AreaOntario4,493,0655,004,0115,415,7655,852,8416,219,1146,471,850
Trois-RivièresMetropolitan AreaQuébec142,397143,138147,126153,902158,130160,685
TruroCensus AgglomerationNova Scotia......46,29746,92946,50346,852
Val-d'OrCensus AgglomerationQuébec......32,90033,90334,08534,340
VancouverMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia1,957,7662,098,1702,216,9482,418,9382,612,8742,691,351
VernonCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......57,63760,12864,49665,588
VictoriaMetropolitan AreaBritish Columbia318,159328,301342,052358,426390,269402,271
VictoriavilleCensus AgglomerationQuébec......44,26447,38349,66250,441
Wasaga BeachCensus AgglomerationOntario......15,97218,65122,05523,182
WetaskiwinCensus AgglomerationAlberta......12,25213,09513,12713,201
WeyburnCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......9,76710,92211,26711,279
WhitehorseCensus AgglomerationYukon......24,62428,05531,26232,308
Williams LakeCensus AgglomerationBritish Columbia......19,38418,85819,00319,513
WindsorMetropolitan AreaOntario299,666326,624335,457329,971341,048354,917
WinklerCensus AgglomerationManitoba......23,95528,21731,91433,536
WinnipegMetropolitan AreaManitoba683,782700,054719,269757,053817,754844,566
Wood Buffalo (Fort McMurray)Census AgglomerationAlberta......58,97474,25973,55576,128
WoodstockCensus AgglomerationOntario......37,35139,97243,09345,453
YellowknifeCensus AgglomerationNorthwest Territories......19,67820,18921,42621,888
YorktonCensus AgglomerationSaskatchewan......17,91318,94219,56219,742

Source: Statistics Canada (web).

Explanation: Boundaries of metropolitan areas and census agglomerations according to the definition of 2016. In contrast to census figures, population estimates are adjusted for underenumeration.