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Syria

Syrian Arab Republic

All following population figures refer to the situation before begin of the civil war. Since 2011, many Syrians fled within Syria or left the country. About 4 million Syrians were internally displaced. According to the UNHCR, 1.159 million Syrian refugees live end of 2014 in Lebanon, 1.165 million in Turkey, 622.4 thousand in Jordan, 233.6 thousand in Iraq, and 138.2 thousand in Egypt. 209.7 thousand Syrians applied for asylum in Europe (54.6 thousand in Germany, 53.8 thousand in Sweden). About 200 thousand people died in the civil war.

Governorates

The population of the governorates of Syria according to census results and official estimates.

NameAbbr.StatusNativeCapitalArea
A (km²)
Population
Census (C)
1981-09-08
Population
Census (C)
2004-09-22
Population
Estimate (E)
2011-12-31
SyriaSYR سورياDimashq185,1809,052,62817,920,84421,377,000
Al-Ḥasakah {Al-Hasakah}HASGovالحسكةAl-Ḥasakah23,334669,7561,275,1181,512,0002333400
Al-Lādhiqīyah [Latakia] {Al-Ladhiqiyah}LATGovاللاذقيةAl-Lādhiqīyah2,297554,384879,5511,008,000229700
Al-Qunayṭirah [Quneitra] {Al-Qunaytirah}QUNGovالقنيطرةAl-Qunayṭirah68526,25866,62790,00068500
Ar-RaqqahRAQGovالرقةAr-Raqqah19,616348,383793,514944,0001961600
As-Suwaydā' {As-Suwayda}SUWGovالسويداءAs-Suwaydā'5,550199,114313,231370,000555000
Dar'ā [Daraa] {Dara}DARGovدرعاDar'ā3,730362,969843,4781,027,000373000
Dayr az-Zawr [Deir ez-Zor]DAYGovدير الزورDayr az-Zawr33,060409,1301,004,7471,239,0003306000
Dimashq [Damascus]DIMCapدمشقDimashq1051,112,2141,552,1611,754,00010500
Ḥalab [Aleppo] {Halab}HALGovحلبḤalab18,5001,878,7014,045,1664,868,0001850000
Ḥamāh [Hama] {Hamah}HAMGovحماةḤamāh8,883736,4521,384,9531,628,000888300
Ḥimṣ [Homs] {Hims}HIMGovحمصḤimṣ42,223815,1031,529,4021,803,0004222300
IdlibIDLGovادلبIdlib6,097579,5101,258,4271,501,000609700
Rif Dimashq [Damascus Rural]RDMGovريف دمشقDimashq18,032917,3642,273,0742,836,0001803200
Ṭarṭūs {Tartus}TARGovطرطوسṬarṭūs1,892443,290701,395797,000189200
... [Golan Heights annexed by Israel]-  1,176.........117600

Major Cities

 NameAdm.Population
Census (C)
2004-09-22
1ḤalabHAL2,132,100
2DimashqDIM1,414,913
3ḤimṣHIM652,609
4Al-LādhiqīyahLAT383,786
5ḤamāhHAM312,994
6Ar-RaqqahRAQ220,488
7Dayr az-ZawrDAY211,857
8Al-ḤasakahHAS188,160
9Al-QāmishlīHAS184,231

Contents: Cities & Localities

The population of Syrian cities and localities with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years.

NameNativeAdm.Population
Census (Cf)
1981-09-08
Population
Census (C)
1994-09-03
Population
Census (C)
2004-09-22
Area
Abū Ḥamām {Abu Hamam}أبو حمامDAY......21,9470
Abū Kamāl {Abu Kamal}البوكمالDAY17,507...42,5100
Aḍ-Ḍumayr [Dumeir] {Ad-Dumayr}الضميرRDM......24,2230
'Adrā {Adra}عدراRDM......20,5590
'Afrīn (Efrîn) {Afrin}عفرينHAL11,914...36,5620
Al-Bāb {Al-Bab}البابHAL30,008...63,0690
Al-Ḥajar al-Aswad {Al-Hajar al-Aswad}الحجر الأسودRDM23,563...84,9480
Al-Ḥarāk {Al-Harak}الحراكDAR......20,7600
Al-Ḥasakah (Hesîçe) {Al-Hasakah}الحسكةHAS73,426119,798188,1600
Al-KiswahالكسوةRDM......43,4560
Al-Lādhiqīyah [Latakia] {Al-Ladhiqiyah}اللاذقيةLAT196,791311,784383,7860
Al-Malīḥah (Dêrika Hemko) {Al-Malihah}المليحةRDM......23,0340
Al-Mālikīyah {Al-Malikiyah}المالكيةHAS13,225...26,3110
Al-Mayādīn {Al-Mayadin}الميادينDAY14,966...44,0280
Al-Qāmishlī (Qamişlo) {Al-Qamishli}القامشليHAS92,990144,286184,2310
Al-Qunayṭirah [Quneitra] {Al-Qunaytirah}القنيطرةQUN......1530
Al-Qūrīyah {Al-Quriyah}القوريةDAY......28,1720
Al-Quṣayr {Al-Qusayr}القصيرHIM14,801...29,8180
Al-Quṭayfah {Al-Qutayfah}القطيفةRDM12,259...26,6710
Al-Yarmūk [Yarmouk] {Al-Yarmuk}اليرموكDIM......137,2480
'Amūda {Amuda}عاموداHAS......26,8210
An-NabkالنبكRDM19,521...32,5480
'Arbīn {Arbin}عربينRDM......44,9340
Arīḥā {Ariha}أريحاIDL17,805...39,5010
Ar-Raqqah [Ar-Rakka]الرقةRAQ87,138165,195220,4880
Ar-RastanالرستنHIM15,091...39,8340
Ar-Ruḥaybah {Ar-Ruhaybah}الرحيبةRDM......30,4500
Asharfīh Ṣaḥnāyā {Asharfih Sahnaya}أشرفية صحناياRDM......30,5190
Ash-Shaykh Miskīn {Ash-Shaykh Miskin}الشيخ مسكينDAR......24,0570
As-Sabīnah {As-Sabinah}السبينةRDM......62,5090
As-Safīrah {As-Safirah}السفيرةHAL21,197...63,7080
As-Salamīyah {As-Salamiyah}السلميةHAM35,909...66,7240
Aṣ-Ṣanamayn {As-Sanamayn}الصنمينDAR......26,2680
As-Sīdah Zaynab {As-Sidah Zaynab}السيدة زينبRDM......136,4270
As-Suwaydā' {As-Suwayda}السويداءSUW43,414...73,6410
Ath-ThawrahالثورةRAQ44,782...69,4250
At-TallالتلRDM18,198...44,5970
'Ayn al-'Arab (Kobanî, Kobanê) {Ayn al-Arab}عين العربHAL12,393...44,8210
'Ayn Tarmā {Ayn Tarma}عين ترماRDM......35,7220
A'zāz {Azaz}أعزاز‎HAL16,557...31,6230
Az-Zabadānī {Az-Zabadani}الزبدانيRDM16,464...26,2850
Babīlā {Babila}ببيلاRDM......50,8800
Bāniyās {Baniyas}بانياسTAR19,506...41,6320
BinishبنشIDL......21,8480
Buṣra āsh-Shām {Busra ash-Sham}بصرى الشامDAR......19,6830
Dā'il {Dail}داعلDAR......29,4080
Dar'ā [Daraa] {Dara}درعاDAR49,534...97,9690
Dārayyā {Darayya}دارياRDM34,048...78,7630
Dayr az-Zawr [Deir ez-Zor]دير الزورDAY92,091140,459211,8570
Dimashq [Damascus]دمشقDIM1,112,2141,394,3221,414,9130
Dūmā [Douma] {Duma}دوماRDM51,337...110,8930
Gharānīj {Gharanij}غرانيجDAY......23,0090
Hajīn {Hajin}هجينDAY......37,9350
Ḥalab [Aleppo] {Halab}حلبHAL985,4131,582,9302,132,1000
Ḥalfāyā {Halfaya}حلفاياHAM......21,1800
Ḥamāh [Hama] {Hamah}حماةHAM177,208264,348312,9940
Ḥārasta al-Baṣal {Harasta al-Basal}حرستاRDM25,657...68,7080
Ḥimṣ [Homs] {Hims}حمصHIM346,871540,133652,6090
IdlibإدلبIDL51,682...98,7910
InkhilأنخلDAR......31,2580
Izra' {Izra}ازرعDAR......19,1580
JablahجبلةLAT24,784...53,9890
Jadīdah 'Arṭūz {Jadidah Artuz}جديدة عرطوزRDM......45,0000
Jaramānah {Jaramanah}جرماناRDM64,305...114,3630
Jāsim {Jasim}جاسمDAR......31,6830
Jayrūd {Jayrud}جيرودRDM......24,2190
Jisr ash-Shughūr {Jisr ash-Shughur}جسر الشغورIDL21,461...39,9170
Kafr Baṭnā {Kafr Batna}كفر بطناRDM......22,5350
Kafr Lāhā {Kafr Laha}كفر لاهاHIM......20,0410
Khan Shaykhūn {Khan Shaykhun}خان شيخونIDL......34,3710
Ma'arrat an-Nu'mān {Maarrat an-Numan}معرة النعمانIDL25,579...58,0080
ManbijمنبجHAL30,812...99,4970
Maṣyāf {Masyaf}مصيافHAM12,977...22,5080
Mu'aḍamīyat ash-Shām {Muadamiyat ash-Sham}معضمية الشامRDM......52,7380
Nawā {Nawa}نوىDAR20,309...47,0660
NublنبلHAL......21,0390
Qaṭanā {Qatana}قطناRDM17,928...33,9960
Qudsayā {Qudsaya}قدسياRDM......33,5710
Ra's al-'Ayn (Serê Kanîyê) {Ras al-Ayn}رأس العينHAS14,278...29,3470
Ṣāfītā {Safita}صافيتاTAR10,016...20,3010
Salqīn {Salqin}سلقينIDL......23,7000
Saqbā {Saqba}سقباRDM......25,6960
Sarāqib {Saraqib}سراقبIDL......32,4950
Ṣubaykhān {Subaykhan}صبيخانDAY......23,8670
Ṣūrān {Suran}صورانHAM......29,1000
Ṭafas {Tafas}طفسDAR......32,2360
Talbīsah {Talbisah}تلبيسةHIM......30,7960
Tall Rif'at {Tall Rifat}تل رفعتHAL......20,5140
Ṭarṭūs [Tartous] {Tartus}طرطوسTAR52,589...115,7690
Ṭayyibat al-Imām {Tayyibat al-Imam}طيبة الإمامHAM......24,1050
Tudmur [Palmyra]تدمرHIM18,122...51,3230
Yabrūd {Yabrud}يبرودRDM17,064...25,8910
Yaldā {Yalda}يلداRDM......28,3840
Zamalkā {Zamalka}زملكاRDM......44,6610