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Russland Karte

Russland: Föderationskreise und Großstädte

Russische Föderation

Die Darstellungen beruhen auf der territorialen Gliederung am 1. Januar 2014.

Föderationskreise

Die Einwohnerzahlen der russischen Föderationskreise (Federal'nyj Okrugs) gemäß den letzten Volkszählungen und neuesten amtlichen Schätzungen.

NameAbk.StatusOriginalHauptstadtFläche
A (km²)
Einwohner
Zensus (C)
1979-01-17
Einwohner
Zensus (C)
1989-01-12
Einwohner
Zensus (C)
2002-10-09
Einwohner
Zensus (Cf)
2010-10-14
Einwohner
Schätzung (E)
2018-01-01
 
RusslandRUS  Moskva17.075.400137.550.949147.400.537145.166.731142.856.536144.530.031
Central'nyj Federal'nyj Okrug [Zentralrussland]CENFDistЦентральный федеральный округMoskva652.80036.720.00138.107.08338.000.65138.427.53939.311.41365280000
Dal'nevostočnyj Federal'nyj Okrug [Ferner Osten]DALFDistДальневосточный федеральный округChabarovsk6.179.9006.819.0577.940.6796.692.8656.293.1296.165.284617990000
Južnyj Federal'nyj Okrug [Südrussland]JUZFDistЮжный федеральный округRostov-na-Donu418.50012.579.80313.336.44913.973.25213.854.33414.091.45141850000
Privolžskij Federal'nyj Okrug [Wolga]PRVFDistПриволжский федеральный округNižnij Novgorod1.035.90030.668.31331.805.05131.154.74429.899.69929.542.696103590000
Severo-Kavkazskij Federal'nyj Okrug [Nordkaukasus]SKAFDistСеверо-Кавказский федеральный округPjatigorsk167.4506.592.0797.328.8758.933.8899.428.8269.823.48116745000
Severo-Zapadnyj Federal'nyj Okrug [Nordwestrussland]SZAFDistСеверо-Западный федеральный округSankt-Peterburg1.677.90014.082.81015.278.68913.974.46613.616.05713.952.003167790000
Sibirskij Federal'nyj Okrug [Sibirien]SIBFDistСибирский федеральный округNovosibirsk5.114.80019.229.10321.077.71820.062.93819.256.42619.287.474511480000
Ural'skij Federal'nyj Okrug [Ural]URAFDistУральский федеральный округJekaterinburg1.788.40010.859.78312.525.99312.373.92612.080.52612.356.229178840000

Die größten Städte

 NameAdm.Einwohner
Schätzung (E)
2018-01-01
1MoskvaCEN12.342.615
2Sankt-PeterburgSZA5.351.935
3NovosibirskSIB1.612.833
4JekaterinburgURA1.468.833
5Nižnij NovgorodPRV1.259.013
6Kazan'PRV1.243.500
7ČeljabinskURA1.202.371
8OmskSIB1.172.070
9SamaraPRV1.163.399
10Rostov-na-DonuJUZ1.130.305
11UfaPRV1.120.547

Übersicht: Städte

Die Einwohnerzahlen aller russischen Städte mit mehr als 100.000 Einwohnern gemäß den letzten Volkszählungen und neuesten amtlichen Schätzungen.

NameOriginalAdm.Einwohner
Zensus (C)
1979-01-17
Einwohner
Zensus (C)
1989-01-12
Einwohner
Zensus (C)
2002-10-09
Einwohner
Zensus (Cf)
2010-10-14
Einwohner
Schätzung (E)
2018-01-01
Area 
AbakanАбаканSIB128.311154.092165.197165.214184.16811230
Ačinsk [Atschinsk]АчинскSIB116.854121.572118.744109.155105.2590
Al'metjevsk [Almetjewsk]АльметьевскPRV109.579129.008140.437146.393155.9889432
AngarskАнгарскSIB238.802265.835251.176233.567225.7720
Archangel'sk [Archangelsk]АрхангельскSZA385.028415.921356.051348.783349.7420
Armavir [Armawir]АрмавирJUZ161.539160.983193.964188.832190.7090
Artëm [Artjom]АртёмDAL.........102.603106.6920
Arzamas [Arsamas]АрзамасPRV93.251108.951109.432106.362104.1404154
Astrachan' [Astrachan]АстраханьJUZ461.003509.210504.501520.339533.92520810
Balakovo [Balakowo]БалаковоPRV151.560197.391200.470199.690189.8297566
Balašicha (incl. Železnodorožnyj) [Balaschicha]БалашихаCEN.........346.751468.2210
BarnaulБарнаулSIB533.263601.811600.749612.401632.3720
Batajsk [Bataisk]БатайскJUZ90.12391.930107.438111.843126.7698054
BelgorodБелгородCEN239.814300.408337.030356.402391.55415630
BerdskБердскSIB67.33679.25288.44597.296103.5788312
Berezniki [Beresniki]БерезникиPRV185.395201.213173.077156.466143.07242900
BijskБийскSIB211.567233.238232.932210.115201.9140
Blagoveščensk [Blagoweschtschensk]БлаговещенскDAL171.997205.553219.221214.390225.0910
BratskБратскSIB213.725255.705259.335246.319229.28646040
Brjansk [Brjansk]БрянскCEN394.210452.160431.526415.721405.7230
Čeboksary [Tscheboksary]ЧебоксарыPRV307.599419.592440.621453.721492.3310
Čeljabinsk [Tscheljabinsk]ЧелябинскURA1.029.5221.141.7771.104.6481.130.1321.202.37150410
Čerepovec [Tscherepowez]ЧереповецSZA265.933310.463311.869312.310317.97013520
Čerkessk [Tscherkessk]ЧеркесскSKA90.833113.060116.244129.069122.3956882
Chabarovsk [Chabarowsk]ХабаровскDAL527.848600.623583.072577.441618.15038870
Chasavjurt [Chassawjurt]ХасавюртSKA65.11470.514121.817131.187141.2594859
ChimkiХимкиCEN.........207.425250.68810980
Čita [Tschita]ЧитаSIB302.577365.754316.643324.444349.00553640
DerbentДербентSKA69.57578.371101.031119.200123.7208175
Dimitrovgrad [Dimitrowgrad]ДимитровградPRV105.958123.570130.871122.580115.25310260
Dolgoprudnyj [Dolgoprudny]ДолгопрудныйCEN64.52370.75175.25690.956108.8613050
Domodedovo [Domodedowo]ДомодедовоCEN......80.36296.145127.8500
Dzeržinsk [Dserschinsk]ДзержинскPRV257.119285.071261.334240.742230.6390
Èlektrostal' [Elektrostal]ЭлектростальCEN139.272152.463146.294155.196158.2265135
ÈlistaЭлистаJUZ70.28289.695104.254103.749103.1320
Èngel's [Engels]ЭнгельсPRV161.349181.201193.984202.419226.1760
Groznyj [Grosny]ГрозныйSKA375.326399.688210.720271.573297.13732330
IrkutskИркутскSIB549.787626.135593.604587.891623.86927760
Ivanovo [Iwanowo]ИвановоCEN464.526481.042431.721408.330406.11310760
Iževsk (Ustinov) [Ischewsk]ИжевскPRV548.721635.109632.140627.734648.21331920
JakutskЯкутскDAL152.368186.626210.642269.601311.7600
Jaroslavl' [Jaroslawl]ЯрославльCEN596.951632.991613.088591.486608.72221690
Jekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)ЕкатеринбургURA1.211.1721.364.6211.293.5371.349.7721.468.8330
Jelec [Jelez]ЕлецCEN111.773120.261116.726108.404104.3495357
JessentukiЕссентукиSKA77.68685.08281.758100.996108.6795095
Joškar-Ola [Joschkar-Ola]Йошкар-ОлаPRV201.371241.601256.719248.782268.2720
Južno-Sachalinsk [Juschno-Sachalinsk]Южно-СахалинскDAL139.861159.299175.085181.728198.9730
Kaliningrad (Königsberg) [Königsberg]КалининградSZA354.788401.280430.003431.902475.05622430
KalugaКалугаCEN265.013311.399334.751324.698340.8510
Kamensk-Ural'skij [Kamensk-Uralski]Каменск-УральскийURA187.401207.780186.153174.689168.9970
Kamyšin [Kamyschin]КамышинJUZ111.565122.463127.891119.565111.10012480
KaspijskКаспийскSKA49.38260.06977.650100.129116.3403515
Kazan' [Kasan]КазаньPRV992.6751.094.3781.105.2891.143.5351.243.50063590
Kemerovo [Kemerowo]КемеровоSIB470.640520.263529.934532.981558.97332940
Kirov (Vi'atka) [Kirow]КировPRV389.533440.240457.578473.695507.1550
Kislovodsk [Kislowodsk]КисловодскSKA100.932114.414129.788128.553129.5930
KolomnaКоломнаCEN147.295161.881150.129144.589142.6916707
Komsomol'sk-na-Amure [Komsomolsk am Amur]Комсомольск-на-АмуреDAL263.950315.325281.035263.906248.25432550
Kopejsk [Kopeisk]КопейскURA......140.876137.601148.1360
Korolëv (Kaliningrad; incl. Jubilejnyj) [Koroljow]КоролёвCEN......201.395216.639222.9525548
KostromaКостромаCEN254.725278.414278.750268.742277.28014450
Kovrov [Kowrow]КовровCEN142.860159.942155.499145.214137.5945727
KrasnodarКраснодарJUZ......723.404744.995899.5410
KrasnogorskКрасногорскCEN77.37090.47792.545116.896161.5250
KrasnojarskКрасноярскSIB796.305912.629909.341973.8261.090.8110
KurganКурганURA309.863355.517345.515333.606318.04539240
KurskКурскCEN375.345424.239412.442415.159448.73319240
Kyzyl [Kysyl]КызылSIB66.02784.641104.105109.918116.98320910
Lipeck [Lipezk]ЛипецкCEN395.638449.635506.114508.887509.73532060
Ljubercy [Ljuberzy]ЛюберцыCEN159.563165.478156.691172.525202.9184334
Machačkala [Machatschkala]МахачкалаSKA251.371317.475462.412572.076596.3560
MagnitogorskМагнитогорскURA406.074440.321418.545407.775416.52139260
Majkop [Maikop]МайкопJUZ127.828148.608156.931144.249141.9700
MiassМиассURA150.179167.839158.420151.751151.6730
Moskva [Moskau]МоскваCEN8.010.9548.967.23210.382.75411.612.88512.342.615125000
MurmanskМурманскSZA388.450480.020345.595315.953295.37417110
MuromМуромCEN114.270124.229126.901116.075109.0720
Mytišči (incl. Pirogovskij) [Mytischtschi]МытищиCEN145.379159.869166.160179.834211.6060
Naberežnyje Čelny (Brešnev) [Nabereschnyje Tschelny]Набережные ЧелныPRV301.381500.309509.870513.193532.47217100
NachodkaНаходкаDAL133.201160.056178.813159.719149.3160
Nal'čik [Naltschik]НальчикSKA207.406234.547274.974240.203239.3000
Nazran' [Nasran]НазраньSKA......125.06693.335117.93611290
NeftejuganskНефтеюганскURA52.39393.930107.830122.855126.99814170
Neftekamsk (Nikolo-Berëzovka)НефтекамскPRV69.586106.801122.290121.733127.8210
Nevinnomyssk [Newinnomyssk]НевинномысскSKA103.708121.355132.141118.360117.4468355
Nižnekamsk [Nischnekamsk]НижнекамскPRV134.199190.793225.399234.044237.9420
Nižnevartovsk [Nischnewartowsk]НижневартовскURA108.740241.457239.044251.694275.42927620
Nižnij Novgorod (Gor'kij) [Nischni Nowgorod]Нижний НовгородPRV1.344.4741.438.1331.311.2521.250.6191.259.0130
Nižnij Tagil [Nischni Tagil]Нижний ТагилURA398.146439.521390.498361.811353.9500
NoginskНогинскCEN118.750123.020117.555100.072102.5920
Nojabr'sk [Nojabrsk]НоябрьскURA......102.949110.620106.93019100
Noril'sk [Norilsk]НорильскSIB.........175.365179.5540
Novočeboksarsk [Nowotscheboksarsk]НовочебоксарскPRV85.307114.760125.857124.097126.6260
Novočerkassk [Nowotscherkassk]НовочеркасскJUZ183.055187.973184.470168.746168.02212790
Novokujbyševsk [Nowokuibyschewsk]НовокуйбышевскPRV109.029112.987112.973108.438102.0750
Novokuzneck [Nowokusnezk]НовокузнецкSIB541.356599.947565.680547.904553.63842620
Novomoskovsk [Nowomoskowsk]НовомосковскCEN146.807146.302134.081131.386124.7870
Novorossijsk [Noworossijsk]НовороссийскJUZ159.135185.938232.079241.952273.2780
Novošachtinsk [Nowoschachtinsk]НовошахтинскJUZ104.152107.772117.689111.075108.34514010
Novosibirsk [Nowosibirsk]НовосибирскSIB1.312.4801.436.5161.425.5081.473.7541.612.83351980
Novyj Urengoj [Nowy Urengoi]Новый УренгойURA......104.269104.107114.83725150
ObninskОбнинскCEN73.402100.178105.706104.739115.0294246
Odincovo [Odinzowo]ОдинцовоCEN101.365125.149134.844138.930140.5370
Oktjabr'skij [Oktjabrski]ОктябрьскийPRV88.030104.732108.647109.474113.82710300
OmskОмскSIB1.014.2461.148.4181.156.8491.154.1161.172.07058060
Orechovo-Zujevo [Orechowo-Sujewo]Орехово-ЗуевоCEN132.301137.198122.248120.670118.8223637
Orël [Orjol]ОрёлCEN304.971336.862333.310317.747315.30811850
OrenburgОренбургPRV458.747546.501549.361548.331564.7730
OrskОрскPRV246.667270.711250.963239.800229.2550
Penza [Pensa]ПензаPRV482.916542.612518.025517.311523.55330240
Perm' [Perm]ПермьPRV999.1571.090.9441.001.653991.1621.051.5830
Pervoural'sk [Perwouralsk]ПервоуральскURA129.189142.193132.277124.528123.6550
Petropavlovsk-Kamčatskij [Petropawlowsk-Kamtschatski]Петропавловск-КамчатскийDAL214.977268.747198.028179.780181.21636050
Petrozavodsk [Petrosawodsk]ПетрозаводскSZA234.103269.485266.160261.987279.19013490
Pjatigorsk [Pjatigorsk]ПятигорскSKA109.901129.499140.559142.511145.8850
Podol'sk (incl. Klimovsk, L'vovskij) [Podolsk]ПодольскCEN265.889278.756248.513255.002302.8310
Prokopjevsk [Prokopjewsk]ПрокопьевскSIB266.167273.838224.597210.130194.08422740
Pskov [Pskow]ПсковSZA175.724203.789202.780203.279210.5019553
Puškino [Puschkino]ПушкиноCEN.........102.874105.4795847
RamenskojeРаменскоеCEN76.90687.66682.07496.317116.0770
Reutov [Reutow]РеутовCEN60.30668.32676.80587.314103.779892
Rjazan' [Rjasan]РязаньCEN453.267514.638524.104524.927538.96222380
Rostov-na-Donu [Rostow am Don]Ростов-на-ДонуJUZ934.0951.019.3051.068.2671.089.2611.130.30535590
Rubcovsk [Rubzowsk]РубцовскSIB157.082171.792163.063147.002144.1288343
Rybinsk (Andropov)РыбинскCEN238.579251.442222.653200.771188.6789949
Šachty [Schachty]ШахтыJUZ209.495225.797254.721239.987233.81416030
Salavat [Salawat]СалаватPRV137.237149.627158.600156.095152.35411110
Samara (Kujbyšev)СамараPRV1.216.2331.254.4601.157.8801.164.6851.163.3990
Sankt-Peterburg (Leningrad) [Sankt Petersburg]Санкт-ПетербургSZA4.588.1835.023.5064.661.2194.879.5665.351.935140000
SaranskСаранскPRV263.337312.128304.866297.415318.8410
Saratov [Saratow]СаратовPRV855.702904.643873.055837.900844.85840510
Ščëlkovo [Schtscholkowo]ЩёлковоCEN100.281109.225112.865110.411125.6340
Sergijev Posad (Zagorsk) [Sergijew Possad]Сергиев ПосадCEN107.144114.696113.581111.179103.4440
Serpuchov [Serpuchow]СерпуховCEN139.717143.618131.097127.041125.8173250
Severodvinsk [Sewerodwinsk]СеверодвинскSZA197.232248.670201.551192.353183.2550
Seversk (Tomsk-7) [Sewersk]СеверскSIB......109.106108.590107.4940
SmolenskСмоленскCEN276.402341.483325.137326.861330.02516640
Soči [Sotschi]СочиJUZ287.353336.514328.809343.334424.2810
Staryj Oskol [Stary Oskol]Старый ОсколCEN114.946173.917215.898221.085224.1530
Stavropol' [Stawropol]СтавропольSKA258.233318.298354.867398.539433.9310
SterlitamakСтерлитамакPRV220.122247.457264.362273.486279.62610810
SurgutСургутURA107.343247.823285.027306.675366.18934770
Syktyvkar [Syktywkar]СыктывкарSZA170.980232.117230.011235.006245.0830
Syzran' [Sysran]СызраньPRV178.498174.335188.107178.750171.3360
TaganrogТаганрогJUZ276.444291.622281.947257.681249.8488568
Tambov [Tambow]ТамбовCEN270.073304.600293.658280.161293.6618925
Tjumen'ТюменьURA358.992476.869510.719581.907768.35852030
Tol'jatti [Togliatti]ТольяттиPRV502.036630.543702.879719.632707.40828560
TomskТомскSIB420.730501.963487.838524.669574.0020
TulaТулаCEN514.008539.980481.216501.169482.87315105
Tver' (Kalinin) [Twer]ТверьCEN411.548450.941408.903403.606420.06515310
UfaУфаPRV969.2891.082.0521.042.4371.062.3191.120.5470
Ulan-UdèУлан-УдэSIB300.370352.530359.391404.426434.86938800
Ul'janovsk (Simbirsk) [Uljanowsk]УльяновскPRV463.964625.155635.947614.786626.5400
UssurijskУссурийскDAL146.782158.016157.759158.004172.0170
Velikij Novgorod [Weliki Nowgorod]Великий НовгородSZA186.003229.126223.263218.717222.8689515
Vladikavkaz (Ordzonikidse) [Wladikawkas]ВладикавказSKA278.930300.198315.608311.693306.2580
Vladimir [Wladimir]ВладимирCEN296.371349.702315.954345.373357.0240
Vladivostok [Wladiwostok]ВладивостокDAL549.789633.838594.701592.034604.9010
Volgodonsk [Wolgodonsk]ВолгодонскJUZ...175.593172.401170.841171.72918410
Volgograd [Wolgograd]ВолгоградJUZ928.692998.8941.011.4171.021.2151.013.53386170
Vologda [Wologda]ВологдаSZA236.537282.802293.046301.755312.4200
Volžskij [Wolschski]ВолжскийJUZ...277.284324.224327.089325.22423030
Voronež [Woronesch]ВоронежCEN824.172...928.410975.3731.047.54960170
Železnogorsk [Schelesnogorsk]ЖелезногорскCEN65.28085.19295.52895.049100.74011390
Zlatoust [Slatoust]ЗлатоустURA197.760207.794194.551174.962166.8850
Žukovskij [Schukowski]ЖуковскийCEN90.288100.609101.328104.736108.1874725

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